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The donation of organs in Norway

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  1. Introduction
  2. The relationship between Moldova and the EU: A retrospective look on a neglected country
  3. The ENP: Is it an adequate framework for Moldova?
  4. The case for the inclusion of Moldova in the Stabilization and Association Process
  5. Conclusion

Thanks to scientific advances, many patients are lucky to get a second chance in life. This has been facilitated by organ transplants or blood transfusion. However, this system can function only through the generosity of donors (organ and blood). It is a generosity that often fails to meet the needs. For example, the number of organs available unfortunately fails to satisfy the increasing demand for transplantation.

Thus, about 10 Europeans die every day, not having received an organ rather quickly. As far as Norway is concerned, like all other European countries, it faces a shortage of organs each year. More importantly, the situation of organ donation in this country is still worthwhile, particularly under the use of living donors in kidney transplants. In 1973, the activity of renal transplantation started growing. The need for legal regulation was greatly felt in the medical community, and was faced with this new practice.

? Stability of the legislation: Transplantation was far from being a sensitive subject in Norway than in France. The absence of such turmoil was illustrated by the fact that no complaint in connection with transplantation was filed. As a result, organ transplantation was still regulated by a text dating from 1973 (Act No. 6 of February 9, 1973), which was never discussed, revised.

? The content of this legislation on the removal of organs post-mortem: Divided into six sections, the Act of February 9, 1973 does not really stand out of the laws of other European countries. For example, the Norwegian regulations concerning the removal of organs from a deceased person has been very close to that in force in France.

Norwegian law provides for as France anonymity clauses (measures are taken to ensure that the donor's identity not be revealed to the recipient or his family, and vice versa), confidentiality (measures taken to ensure that all data collected, including genetic information, have been rendered anonymous so that the donor and the recipient cannot be identified). Added to this the principle of non-payment of the gift, is intended not to encourage trade or organ trafficking.

? The content of the legislation on organ donation from living life: The authorization of the removal of organs alive. The operation of organ donation from living to living is regulated by paragraph one of the Norwegian law, which like the rest of the law is still in force, unchanged since 1973, which states that "the organs or other organic materials may be taken from an individual given the consent in order to treat another individual, sick or injured.?

Risks for the donor: The 1973 Act also provides that the operation of removal of an organ can be performed only if it is safe for the donor's health.
Consent of the donor: As in France, the law requires the donor's consent, whose consent must be informed.
The 1973 Act requires that prior to consent for the removal of an organ, the donor is maintained by a physician of the nature of the operation and its possible side effects. The doctor in question has the added obligation to ensure that the customer understands the information.

Tags: European countries, organ transplants or blood transfusion, Norwegian regulations, 1973 Act

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