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World cities: The global north and south

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  1. Introduction.
  2. The olden movement of colonialism.
  3. The global north or the developed and highly industrialized countries.
  4. The Third Worlds and the recent environmental crisis.
  5. Jonathan Adams and Thomas McShane: The Myth of Wild Africa.
  6. Nineteenth century Latin America.
  7. The vibrant social forces in Europe and African slavery.
  8. Conclusion.

The 20th century witnessed the pivotal inauguration of Western expansion, also historically known as the Age of Exploration. The Europeans were the first people to manipulate global affairs to a large extent. Consequently, this period of discoveries, occupations, and colonization put forth a remarkable boost in trading activities and the inflow of money to the civilized societies of the Old World. The Age of Exploration became the catalyst for the emergence of a new world economy. Subsequently, the economic form of capitalism germinated due to the freshly amassed wealth and resources from the satellite countries or which are currently addressed to as the global south. Apparently, the olden movement of colonialism created both advantages and disadvantages to the nations which did not engage into territorial expansion and survived simply by tapping the resources made available to them by their immediate environment; unfortunately, the negative effects of colonialism outweighed the opposite. Colonialism drastically altered the very structure of the occupied territories such as its social, political, and economic systems.

[...] All the same, Latin America became enmeshed in the emerging world system as a supplier of raw materials engendering an over-dependency on Britain and later on the United States. In the year 1914 and the dawning of the First World War were recorded as the neocolonialism era in Latin America in which the war hostilities upset the market for commodities from Latin America. The relevant characteristic of this neocolonialism is its emphasis on a solitary export of a raw material or otherwise known as ?cash-cropping?; the burgeoning of the cash crop system crafted the economies of the colonized countries susceptible to oscillations in prices on the world market. [...]

[...] The global north or the developed and highly industrialized countries had histories of exploitation and domination for the sole purpose of breeding economic affluence for the mother country. This desire to accumulate wealth led the powerful nations to employ an inhumane system which was slavery or bonded labor. The slaves were commonly used in plantations wherein crops were grown for exports and for other economic goings-on in the market. These plantations which were created for cash- cropping destroyed the natural habitats hence generating environmental predicaments. [...]

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