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A discussion of key models of health promotion

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  1. Introduction
  2. The term mentor according to the English National Board
  3. The standard for communication and working relationships
  4. Factors which may affect learning
  5. The Gestalt theory
  6. The importance of the mentor's role in assessing practice
  7. Conclusion
  8. Bibliography

Health is a broad concept, which can embody a huge range of meanings, from the narrowly technical to the all-embracing moral or philosophical. The word health derived from the Old English word for heal (hael) which means ?whole', signaling that health concerns the whole person and his or her integrity, soundness, or well-being (Crafter 1997). Another definition of health is a state of well-being, interpreted by the World Health Organization in it's constitution as ?a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity' (WHO 1946). This assignment will discuss health, health promotion principles, changing behavior and attitudes, communication skills that reflect Rogerian principles will emphasis upon self-awareness and interpersonal stability, ethical issues when appropriate, and will apply the application of a health promotion strategy (Beatie's model) and critically analysis it's application to exercise in pregnancy.

[...] Models have been used in disciplines such as science, health promotion and nursing for some time, but midwives have been generally resistant to their use, often claiming that the unique and individual situations of pregnancy and birth do not lend themselves to categorizing women and their needs, then applying a standard package of professional care. However if midwifery is viewed as a health-promoting activity, then it may be that health promotion models and approaches can enhance the way that midwives deliver care by developing agreed research-based frameworks which, rather than labeling women, standardize good practice (Crafter 1997). [...]

[...] Before a midwife decides to tackle a particular topic of health education the beliefs, attitudes and values in health related decisions need to be examined. People's health behavior or lifestyles have been regarded as the cause of many modern diseases. The main focus of health promotion has been on modifying those aspects of behavior, which are known to have an impact on health. According to social psychology theories of behavior change, people's behavior is partly determined by their attitude to that behavior. [...]

[...] Some of the key points that should be considered for the future of midwifery health promotion practice, that it needs to be clearly defined, national and political recognition of the midwifery contribution to public health should be improved, the health contribution should be demonstrated by audit and midwives should promote health within the socio-cultural and economic context of how individuals live their everyday lives (Dunkley 2000). Ante natal care provided to the woman and her fetus demonstrates a unique opportunity to enhance holistic health through advice, empowerment, and guidance, support, counseling and providing social networks where the woman can be offered further specialized care if needed. [...]

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