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China’s rise to power

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  1. Introduction
  2. The effect of People's Liberation Army
  3. New Security Concept by China
  4. Differences among the various kinds of nationalism
  5. Growing concern in Asia and the West
  6. Types of nationalism
    1. Chinese nationalism
    2. Liberal nationalism
    3. Pragmatic nationalism
  7. Can nationalism really be pragmatic?
  8. Chinese relationship ASEAN
  9. China's notion of 'great power identity'
  10. Conclusion

Most outside analysts believe that China is experiencing the most secure and ?threat-free? period in its post-1949 history. But, China's military leaders appear to perceive the international environment as dangerous and threatening. Since the end of World War II, China has had an uncertain foreign policy climate, but now, with the exception of the volatile situation in Taiwan, China appears to have no external threats. Despite this, there is a contradiction within the Chinese ranks about the direction the country should take with regard to the way China should build its military.

On the one hand, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) is trying to build the military into a strong military force, while on the other hand, civilian groups are saying that the resources that go into the military should be diverted into more effective programs as there are still many people that live in poverty in that country. It all comes down to how dangerous the country actually is.

[...] Therefore, the idea of a responsible great power is one that is diplomatic, but not willing to give concessions on their core emotional issues. Mark Leonard argues that China is seeking a special kind of power. Although China's concern with national sovereignty and the power of the state arose at a time when China feared incursions from foreign powers, these ideas are now being projected on to the world outside. It does not want to protect the country from foreign intruders, but it does want to promote a Chinese view of sovereignty. [...]

[...] In this position of power and global influence, the Chinese leave themselves vulnerable to a whole range of future threats, including global instability and attack from inside or outside the nation. While it is hard to predict right now that any country would really pose a threat to China in the near future, it is not hard to imagine that non-traditional actors, like terrorists, might pose a threat to the Chinese state. The nature of threats is not what they used to be, and a sophisticated team of terrorists, who seemingly hold not national affiliation, could be very dangerous to China and other countries as well. [...]

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