Comparative study of the AIDS in Burkina Faso and South Africa
Africa is the continent most affected by the AIDS virus. According to UN AIDS, 7000 African youth are infected each day, and that number has steadily increased over the past two years. Indeed, according to the map, there is a dramatic development of the disease in the southern African who was practically unaffected in 1984 and in 2000 saw its infected population rise from 15 to 36% of its total population.
Children and young people aged between15 and 25, and are most affected; in the world, six young people under 25 are infected every minute, and most in Africa.
UNICEF gets a warning and calls the policy to engage in a "real war" against the disease as well as commitments in the fight against poverty because it is undeniable that AIDS affects the development of Africa. UNICEF wants to have the meaningful involvement of political leaders to prevent the spread of the virus to the younger generation and its desire is so strong that it "intends to bring the matter before the Security Council as the UN estimates that AIDS threatens national security and stability in Africa "(according to the site of JC Champagnat - www.droitsenfants.com).
It is noted that AIDS is a major obstacle to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for 2015 (they aim to reduce poverty by half by 2015). AIDS exacerbates poverty because it weakens the general health of many people and greatly increases the rate of infant and adult mortality. The average life expectancy in heavily affected countries such as Botswana and South Africa could drop below thirty years and the GDP could greatly reduce. The economic and social challenges are considerable.
In addition, AIDS claims far more victims than the people who die because you have to consider the tens of millions of AIDS orphans who find themselves alone after the death of their parents. Indeed, these children are left to fend for themselves, and must leave school to take up work to survive. They may end up on the streets and into prostitution, so they are exposed to contamination from an early age.
UNDP is a UN organization campaigning against AIDS and ensure this partnership by helping developing countries face the challenge of AIDS. It helps governments to reduce the impact of the disease on the massess.
For example, one of the MDGs is to reduce child mortality by two thirds. To achieve this goal, it is essential to mobilize around the impact of AIDS on children under five years.
UNDP action requires mobilization to facilitate access to knowledge and best practices available in the world as to prevent and check the spread of the contamination, and lays emphasis on sex education aimed at children.
Thus, is AIDS really an obstacle to economic and social development of Africa, or is it a non-contributory factor to development problems in Africa?
We will discuss the economic and social impact of AIDS in two African countries: Burkina Faso, not less than 10% of infected people, and South Africa, with about 30% of infected population and we decide on the real impact of AIDS on the economy in Africa.
Tags: AIDS, Millennium Development Goals, UNICEF