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Decline or apogee of the strikes in France?

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The strike is an instrument of class action suit and is defined as an interruption of collective work. It is premeditated and has the goal to make it a success in terms of the claims of the employees relating to the conditions and the procedures of their work. In France, in spite of an initial repression of the movements of strikers, the law found the right to strike in 1864 and in 1946 and was recognized by the preamble to the Constitution affirming that ?the right to strike is exerted within the framework of the laws which regulate it?. Nowadays, France is regarded as the bastion of the revolutionary trade unionism, and according to Pierre de Gasquet, it is often perceived like a nation.

However, the studies of the sociology of the class action seem to go against the relevance of these generally accepted ideas. Certain factors indicate that the strike as an industrial dispute is an unsuited and ineffective tool in the era of the apogee of the working world and class struggles. The empirical studies and the statistics also confirm these theories since they seem to indicate a downward trend of the annual days of strike. Thus, the question to be asked is whether the strike is really declining and affirm today of a certain number of studies in sociology of the class action suit.

First, to explain the apparent decline that is today the strike action, it must refer to the connotations of this tool for collective action. Thus, although the right to strike is recognized in the Constitution, the strike is seen as a conflict and it is often referred to as a range of negative connotations. According to "The conflict on strike?" Jean-Michel Denis, the word strike is automatically associated with violence, disorder,rupture, discontinuity, change and upheaval. Leaving aside the relevance of these similarities, they serve to explain the suspicion aroused by the strike. Indeed it is seen as a source of strife and division because it highlights the disagreements and tensions within the social sphere. The strike seems all the more dangerous because it is often unexpected. Above all, it is difficult to control or adjust by the authorities because it only depends on the willingness of workers involved.

Tags: Strike an industrial dispute; the right to strike; France, bastion of revolutionary trade unions

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