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Islam and democracy

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  1. Introduction
  2. The significance of religion
  3. Islam's role in Muslim countries
  4. The dominant role of Islam in the construction of the Muslim State
    1. The legitimacy of the single type of God
    2. Islam, bulwark for democratic practices
  5. The compatibility between Islam and democracy allows an original political structure
    1. The argument of necessity, a political legitimacy
    2. Openings in the fragile democracy but some
  6. Conclusion

Since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, political scientists and researchers in international relations have abandoned the bipolar pattern between the USSR and the United States. Following the implosion of the Soviet bloc in 1991, issues concerning the East-West conflict have disappeared, giving way to new questions about the North-South conflict, the vast majority here being of African and Middle East descent, whose religion is Islam.

[...] Indeed, the caliph is the representative of God on Earth, "instead of the prophet." According to the theory of Al Mawardi (XI century), its functions only result from religious precepts, "protect the Islam and its community (the Umma), lead prayer, fasting, pilgrimage [ . ] and ensure respect for justice and security of the ummah " The caliph thus has no theological power to waive the application of Sharia (Divine Law), since no legislative or human source of law is permitted. [...]

[...] ] opposed to democracy for the simple reason that is based on the principle of sacred authority over men [ . ] Islam is against democracy, whereas the Qur'an is the only source of law.' Based on these findings, several factors may be invoked as "the obscurantism of the Muslim countries," as causes of rejection of democracy. Indeed, these countries were not affected by the "third wave of democratization" in the words of Samuel Huntington, following the collapse of the bipolar world. [...]

[...] Moreover, the media play an important role in this Islamic revival in carrying liberal ideals promoted by the West. In this context of questioning the significance of religion, we observed significant openings to democracy in some Muslim countries that have been legalized, and multiparty elections in which organized massive population participates, who in a libertarian burst, want to speak on the fate of their country. Islam and democracy are not mutually exclusive notions, which shows a strict application of Sharia. [...]

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