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Prostitution, a deviating activity or a trade?

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Prostitution is an age old activity which has existed since the Middle Ages. Sometimes it used to be practiced for free and was controlled by external forces. There has been a legislation concerning prostitution ever since a century. The evolution of the right shows that the regulation of the sex market always resulted in the same debates: is the activity of prostitution related to the private sphere, in the direction where it raises the individual management of the sexuality and the provision of its own body, or one must treat it like a public affair as it is referred to the economic questions and also to the health questions and of public safety?

Since 1949, France chose to adopt an abolitionist position. Prostitution is associated with a form of slavery that goes against human dignity. It is not illegal but is not recognized and its activity is blocked by the prohibition of passive and active soliciting. As opposed to this new legislation and the ideas which are associated with it, prostitution is a form of slavery which does not result from a free choice and should be limited to its propagation. The prostitutes created associations which gave them a place to identify the movements in order to show that the activity which is known as ?dirty?, is actually ?a work?. In this paper we will discuss and analyze how did the prostitution become a dirty and immoral activity, and resulted in the beginning of a new identity of movements asserting the statute of ?work??

The main idea of this old law was intended to channel the extramarital practices and also had to guarantee compliance of these practices to the moral order. One had to tolerate (to allow extramarital affairs) and monitor (to comply with legal) prostitution. Organized prostitution: the brothel such as the nursing home which were places of tolerance. The issue of control was particularly a moral control and health; prostitutes are listed in a file. The prostitution activity was both rooted in the public and hidden. Tolerated because it is public and people benefit from it. Its economic and financial transactions are recognized. This activity remains hidden, however (in brothels) it is subject to supervision and treatment especially health and legal.

From 1949 to 1980 years: the closure of brothels and the advent of an abolitionist State. The French state is an abolitionist state after ratifying with seventy-two other countries in the UN Convention of December 2, 1949 "for the Suppression of Traffic in Persons and Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others." This convention, is ratified by France November 19, 1960, and states in its Preamble that "prostitution and evil that accompanies it, namely the human trafficking for prostitution are incompatible with the dignity and worth of human person and endanger the welfare of the individual, family and community.? Article 6 provides for the abolition of any law, regulation or administrative provision that the persons who engage in prostitution must be registered in special registers, have special papers or comply with exceptional conditions of supervision or declaration.

Tags: Prostitution, human dignity, extramarital practices, economic and financial transactions, French state

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