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Stakes of the anti-corruption campaign in Burkina

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When one speaks about fight against corruption, which interests the national opinion and the technical and financial partners of Burkina, one has to know if corruption has increased or decreased. One must also know if the actions carried out against the phenomenon made it possible to reduce the most visible practices. However, everyone makes reference to the ratings produced by the international organizations and survey firms of risk-country. These ratings and classifications make it possible to give an index on the level of corruption related to a precise aspect. For example, the classification of International Transparency (IT) of the most corrupted countries is usually known as the name of index of perception with respect to corruption or the IPC.

It gives the perception of the foreign investors on their experiments in the countries covered by the classifications and in particular, the irritating red tapes of the investors in a country. In case of Burkina, the last classifications of Doing Better Business and the classifications of International Transparency and the foundation which triggered two types of reactions: the first is that of the government. Through media publicity, the Burkinabe government has been pleased with the results of the measurements undertaken for a few years. Admittedly, efforts were made particularly as regards facility and industrial legislation, but the practices of corruption are far from being reduced at the internal level.

During the last twenty years (1987-2007), anti-corruption "institutions" have emerged in the institutional architecture and administrative areas as ''new'' and essential: management and control instruments of governance state. In the North and South, the fight against organized corruption, is codified, is structured and has even become a "business" of hope. Several motivations have led to these changes. Now one of the motivations has mobilized different players around the fight against corruption and fraud is threefold.

A form of struggle against corruption was born to meet the conditionality in official development assistance. On the one hand, the anti-corruption activities can produce benefits in hard cash for developing countries and some activists at the individual level. It is therefore a reason for membership of national actors deal with international pressure for the purpose of rent capture of development assistance. The expected benefits in the fight against corruption has almost pushed the majority of African States, to be the first to sign and ratify the UN Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) as developed countries have called all their wishes.

The role of donors is certainly a new situation in the various anti-corruption crusades. So there are issues around the new anti-corruption. So it is with the importance of conditionality on the granting of aid imposed on developing countries, they were quick to set up agencies or commissions to fight against corruption. Thus, over the past decade (1997-2007) a growing number of African countries put in place policies and strategies against corruption. These policies / strategies are mostly assigned to the new structures whose primary mission is the fight against corruption and the promotion of "good governance".

Tags: International Transparency, media publicity, anti-corruption activities, UN Convention against Corruption

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