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The formation of territories and major cultural areas in America

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The United States was officially created with the signing of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. This was formalized through the Treaty of Paris, which was signed in 1783. This treaty put an end to the American revolutionary war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and her North American colonies. This treaty facilitated the recognition of the colonies as the United States of America, and also established the boundaries between the U.S and British North America. This treaty paved the way for the creation of Canada. This treaty not only released the British colonies, but also the French colonies.

However, traces of French colonization can be seen in Acadia, Louisiana and Quebec even to this day. The territory building process began quite late in the U.S, and started with Virginia . The first census of 1790 reported 4 million inhabitants in the U.S. Of this, 70% were Britons, 10% were Irish, and 757,000 were Africans. The Anglo-Saxon population increased in number and strength only in the mid-19th century, with the influx of the Irish, who were poor and from a famine affected area. The poor Irish were doomed to do the toughest jobs, and had a relatively marginal place in the society, because they were Catholics and were considered rude. They worked in building construction, and the police force, where they formed the underclass.

The Dutch, who were the original founders of New York through Peter Stuyvesant, migrated to and settled in the U.S, along with some Germans. The dominant group in the U.S was the WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant), who were people of a British descent, with a protestant background. They were considered as high status Americans, and they wielded great financial and social power. These people still represent the elite crowd in the North East today, and their symbol is the city of Boston.

Other entrants who entered their society were: the Irish, the Slavs, the Scandinavians, and the Italians. These newcomers were considered undesirable, until the introduction of quotas in the 1920s, which was reinforced in 1922 and 1924. By the time immigrants could settle in the U.S and make it their home, laws curbing immigration had already come into effect. These laws prohibited immigration from various nations. A certain law prohibited the entry of Chinese laborers between 1882 and 1943. The year 1882 also saw the construction of the center on Ellis Island. In 1917, the entry of immigrants from Asia was also prohibited.

Nearly 90% of people in the US now say that believe in God in contrast to the de-Christianization of Europe. Participating in a religious activity is considered a sign of citizenship. National holidays like Thanksgiving have a religious character. God is present in political discourse as shown in the currency of the US ''In God we trust.''

Although the Church is separated from the state, the US is not a secular state. The president has to undertake an oath on the Bible. Religious pluralism is accepted and Jews, Muslims and Buddhists are a common sight in the US.

Tags: the WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant, Declaration of Independence, de-Christianization

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