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The millennium of peace

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  1. Introduction
  2. Meaning of millennium
  3. Old Testament Prophecies
  4. The Christian view
  5. Christian interpretations
  6. Conclusion
  7. Bibliography

The word millennium comes from the Latin words mille (1000) and annus (year), and means a thousand-year period of time. The word millennium, or its Greek equivalent, does not appear anywhere in the bible, but The Revelation to John mentions a period of time lasting 1,000 years six times in Revelation 20:1?7. This 1,000-year period of time has come to be called the Millennium. This period would eventually end. Satan would be released from restraints and precipitate a great battle that would lead to the end of the world.

It is worth remembering that people in the ancient world did not always use numbers in a literal sense the way many modern people do. For the ancients numbers were also symbolic. The number 1,000 was often used as a symbol for a very large number or a very long time; in this case not necessarily 1,000 literal years.

[...] This involves a more literal interpretation of the Revelation to John, and the people holding this view expect Jesus to return before the Millennium begins, as the most obvious reading of the text predicts. Chapter 20 of The Revelation to John describes the 1,000-year period. Premillennialism says that these events chronologically follow the events in Chapter 19, when Satan is defeated and chained. Therefore, Jesus will return, Satan will be chained, and the Millennium will begin. The other two views argue that Chapter 20 goes back in time and does not chronologically follow Chapter 19 (though the language of Chapter 20 does not indicate this).[7] According to the other views, the Millennium started at the time of the sacrificial death of Jesus.[8] In early Christianity theologians like Justin and Irenaeus supported the premillennial reading of The Revelation to John. [...]


[...] As we will see, the expectation of the period we call the Millennium began in Jewish culture and was recorded in the Hebrew Scriptures that were adopted into Christianity as the Old Testament. Jewish apocalyptic writings continued into the first century when the Revelation to John was written, and first-century Jewish writers, like the writer of The Revelation to John, considered how long the Messiah would reign before the world ended. Their estimates ranged from 40 to 7,000 years. The idea that the Messiah would have a limited reign had not appeared in Old Testament texts. [...]


[...] They will not hurt or destroy on all my holy mountain; for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea (Isaiah 11: There will be justice and peace and no violence. Every creature will be a vegetarian. IV. The Christian View The Jews were still awaiting the Messiah, but for Christians he had already come, yet there was neither a dominant Jewish or Christian nation nor a peaceful utopia on the earth, as the Old Testament had predicted. [...]

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