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The third Jerusalem temple and the end time

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  1. Introduction
  2. Two Temples and the Dome of the Rock
  3. Place of the Temple in Judaism
  4. Those who would rebuild
  5. Christian View on the Temple
  6. Conclusion
  7. Bibliography

The question of whether the Temple in Jerusalem must be physically rebuilt before the Messiah returns and the End Time comes is a subject hotly debated by some Jews and Christians. The dispute arises from predictions about the end of the world found in the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament) and the New Testament, particularly the Revelation to John. All the predictions agree that the defeat of Satan/evil in the End Time will lead to a time of peace. People who believe in these predictions tend to think the time of peace will validate their own religious beliefs, i.e. Jewish or Christian, so they are anxious to support these events.There is a major difficulty for those who believe that a third Jewish Temple must be built at the same site in Jerusalem where the first two stood before the prophecies can be fulfilled. The Islamic Dome of the Rock is situated where the first two Jewish Temples were located and has been there for over a millennium. A new Temple could not be built unless the Dome of the Rock was removed by a natural disaster or human agency. An attempt to remove the building would pretty much guarantee war.Though this issue may seem unimportant to many, beliefs about what will and will not lead to the End Time and the return of a Messiah underlie the positions individuals and nations take on the issue of control of Israel and Jerusalem and can have a dramatic effect on peace in the Middle East in the twenty-first century. This paper will examine the history of the Temple Mount, modern efforts to bring about a third Temple in Jerusalem, and how these views can influence politics.

[...] A Southern Baptist cattle breeder from Mississippi decided to help, because he too believed the Temple must be rebuilt before Jesus returns and the Christian-dominated time of peace can occur. He bred red heifers and shipped them to Israel for breeding there. A red heifer was born in Israel on April and has been declared kosher by rabbis. Some perceive this as a step toward rebuilding the Temple and a sign from God that he wants the Temple rebuilt.[5] V. [...]

[...] From that time Jerusalem remained a Christian city for 288 years, until first the Persians and then Caliph Umar conquered the city. Umar built a mosque on the temple mount and then replaced it with the Dome of the Rock. The Temple mount has special significance in Islam, because it is believed to be the place from which Mohammad ascended to Heaven to see a vision of God. A golden ladder is said to have appeared on the mount and Mohammad climbed it through seven heavens to receive instructions from Allah. [...]

[...] Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormon Church, also taught that a third Temple would be build in Jerusalem and that another would be built in Independence, Missouri before the End Time.[6] Though most Christians do not believe that the Temple has to be rebuilt before the Messiah can return, there is a strong feeling, not necessarily based in scripture, that the restoration of Israel as a nation was an important event that will lead to the End Time. In the nineteenth century, when there was a push to bring on the End Time before the turn of the twentieth century, William Hechler, chaplain at the British embassy in Germany persuaded Kaiser Wilhelm II that a Jewish state was necessary for the fulfillment of prophecy and convinced the Kaiser to support Zionism.[7] This belief has already had a major impact on Western political relations with the nation of Israel. [...]

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