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Using social theory to examine social unrest in post-election Iran

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  1. Introduction
  2. Role of religion in the development of civilization
  3. Review of an article: 'Culture War Erupts in Iran'
  4. Social unrest in the evaluation of new state
  5. Role of women in civilisation
  6. Role of typical form of symbolic interaction comes from language
  7. Conclusion
  8. Bibliography

Religion has played a vital role in the development of civilization across all corners of the globe, and today is no exception. The reality is that much of the most notable events throughout the world's history have been influenced in a significant way by religion of one kind or another. The influence of religion in society is especially relevant in contemporary Iran where the country has long been ruled not through the principles of a liberal democracy as is seen in the West, but through the tenets of Islam. The leaders of this country have sought to control their population from a divine standpoint, much to the dismay of the worldwide community who charge that this religious approach to governance constitutes oppression on a grand scheme. The recent presidential election that took place in Iran on June 12, 2009 is very interesting because it represented a test of the future direction of the country.

The incumbent, hard-line leader Mahmoud Ahmadinejad who had ruled according to strict Islamic principles faced off against a few other candidates, including reformist candidate Mir-Hossein Mousavi who represented a change for the nation, one that would be more liberal and less influenced by the traditional and strict teachings of Islam. The election had an incredibly high turnout, and the alleged results came in quickly. The incumbent Ahmadinejad was declared the winner by a very large majority.

[...] The article about the protests in Iran by Martin brings up an interesting contemporary social event that can be examined using traditional sociological theories. This essay examined this article using conflict theory and symbolic interactionism. This examination yielded a few important points. It was shown that the situation that is currently taking place in Iran is a product of the long-standing oppression and control that the power elite in the country have used as a way of quelling any dissent to their own interest. [...]

[...] This essay will show that the situation in Iran is an interesting social phenomenon, and social theory provides a good way of examining, from both a micro and macro level perspective, why these events are taking place in the way that they are. Martin's articles stems from the massive protests and social unrest that come from the disputed election results of the presidential election. He highlights how this social unrest is about a whole lot more than just an election; it is about the direction of a country that has long had firm grips on its people. [...]

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