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The creation of the Vincennes Zoo

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documents in English
case study
7 pages
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  1. Introduction
  2. A scientific project of modernity service
  3. A showcase of modernity
  4. Need for renewal
  5. A project diverted from its primary goals
  6. Conclusion

In 1860, the director of the National Museum of Natural History, Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, wants to create a schedule to the Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes to study the behavior of animals in a larger and more similar space in their environment original life. The project is mainly driven by a strong commitment to scientific experimentation, considered impossible to drive under the Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes. Menageries, whose invention is old, have no scientific vocation. Rather, they are signs of wealth and power, and are a source of amusement and curiosity society. The Romans had a habit of keeping caged a number of mammals prepared to fight and used for circus games. European nobility was also a number of menageries from exotic animals to satisfy his pleasure and curiosity. The menagerie of the Jardin des Plantes, established after the Revolution, already breaks with this tradition by dedicating part in the research, a goal pursued at the time of the creation of the Vincennes Zoo in 1934.

The birth of the zoo is indeed marked by the ambitions of one of its founders, the scientist and professor Achille Urbain, more interested in botany and microbiology by the study of animals as such. The zoo embodies for him a place devoted to his experiences. It is particularly concerned with transposing veterinary methods of human medical microbiology.

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