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Patient or UTI - Psychological aspects

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  1. Introduction
  2. Literary review
  3. History of the intensive care unit and its objectives
  4. Physical and environmental factors
  5. Conclusion

This paper aims to analyze the psychological aspect of the patient hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) as well as the importance of the psychologist in the care of this patient. Hospital psychology is the playing field more develops in psychology. Among the many professional development opportunities, it is certainly meet the greatest prospects. Written according to chapters published in other author's works, this book deals with current trends in health psychology and its significant advances in conjunction with other health areas. This study, among others, is to expand and enrich the debates around this fascinating area.

Trauma added by all disease and hospital environment can be mitigated through psychological treatment. A growing number of hospitals are becoming aware of the importance of maintaining professional psychology area for the care of their patients, especially in situations involving diagnosis of diseases such as cancer, AIDS, stay in the Intensive Care Unit cases of amputation of limbs.

[...] The visiting hours at the time were from 16:00 to 16:30 and 20:00 to 20:30, and allowed the entry of two people per patient. REFERENCES BOCK, A., In Defense of historical perspective in psychology. Paper presented by Dr. Ana Mercy Bahia Bock at PUC-MG on 13/05/02. CAMPOS, T.C.P. Hospital Psychology: the psychology practice in hospitals. Sao Paulo, E.P.U CECCARELLI, PR, "oedipal Settings of contemporaneity: thoughts on the new forms of membership," in Journal of Psychoanalysis Pulsional, Sao Paulo, year XV 88-98, mar FERRAZ, MB Quality of life: concept and a brief history. Young Physician, 1998; 219 -22. [...]

[...] To Bendixen and Kinney (1979) the possibility of patient care had multiple factors, such as public interest, availability of funds to support an inherently expensive therapeutic form, special features of people, technology and constant clinical application. Among these features are the centralization of patients, sometimes separated by areas (trauma, burns, neonatal, etc.); advances in medical knowledge on the airways, resuscitation technique, endotracheal intubation, artificial ventilation, oxygenation, cardiac defibrillation, the circulatory support with drugs and pacemakers, etc. A historical curiosity, for example, was: John Hunter recommended bellows to pump air for resuscitation. [...]

[...] This hospital, of course, is inappropriate, since patients are subjected to physical and mental discomfort, and even the loss of dignity (imagine a patient with multiple probes and catheters without control of their most basic functions, unable to communicate up and express God desires, surrounded by equipment and strangers). It should be understood that the ICU is not an appropriate location for terminal patient hospitalization. Although this work does not pretend to discuss concepts such as euthanasia, medical futility, these concepts are intrinsic to the Intensive Care Unit. With the acquired technology, many may be the lives that depend on machines to survive indefinitely. Worth leaving here the question to think about: What is life? What is quality of life? [...]

[...] ] Patients admitted to an intensive care unit may offer treatment problems that are often found in the ward of the general hospital. ( . ) On the other hand, patients who are admitted to the intensive care unit may be suffering from multiple injuries or diseases affecting multiple organ systems. ( . ) The doctor of intensive care, above all others, must guard against the view through tunnel, medical experts, and consider the whole patient, including physical and emotional state. [...]

[...] It is also necessary to include sepsis frames, respiratory failure, exacerbation frames are also common in this unit. Some of these authors mentioned that this unit patients suffer psychologically, and may have emotional changes. This topic will be discussed below. All reality and conceptualization of Intensive Care Unit, its possibility of technological performance brings an important issue that is addressed by Civetta (1979, p.74), "intensive treatment in the current context, can provide a system that can extend the life without, unfortunately, the need to justify this ongoing treatment. " Civetta (1979, p.74) adds that: [ . [...]

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