Computers and weather forecasting
- What is weather forecasting?
- Organizations involved
- Surface observations
- Polar orbiting satellite
- Geostationary satellites
- Ship buoys
- Global Positioning Satellites
- Use of computers
- The computer model
- A new way to measure
This presentation tells about weather forecasting and the usage of computers in this field. It then names a few Indian departments supporting this feature. Later it gives a detailed description on how the details are collected on the computer. Next topic is about surface observations, balloons, minisondes, aircrafts and Radar's. The discussion continues with satellites and its different types like the Polar Orbiting Satellite and Geostationary satellites. It then moves on to the topic Ship Buoys, GPS and finally to the use of computers in weather forecasting. A detailed pictorial representation has also been provided. It then tells about forecaster, new ways to measure the weather and finally about GIFTS-IOMI.
[...] In addition it has two major forecasting centers at New Delhi and Pune The Pune office issues the All India Daily Weather Bulletin and Weather Forecasts for the entire country. The government has an organization called the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (or NOAA) that studies the weather The many data sources used to predict weather include ships, aircraft, oil rigs, buoys and balloons, as well as manned (Fixed) land stations around the world. Buoys (buoy is a floating device that can have many different purposes, they can be stationary or non-stationary i.e. [...]
[...] Both radiosondes and minisondes use radio waves to transmit the data readings to the computers Aircrafts Aircraft reports (known as AMDARs (Aircraft Meteorological Data Reporting) ) of wind and temperature along their flight routes, including take-off and landing, help boost the upper-air information The two automatic reporting systems ACARS (Aircraft Communication Addressing and Reporting System) and ASDARs (Aircraft to Satellite Data Relay) are collectively known as AMDARs (Aircraft Meteorological Data Reporting) systems. It is seen that these will ultimately replace the manual system RADAR Radar stands for radio detection and ranging. [...]