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The ERP (Enterprise Resources Planning): definition, characteristics and applications

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  1. Introduction
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During the 1990s, many leaders expressed their dissatisfaction with the available solutions. Indeed, the management solutions offered to them were often poorly suited or unsuited to their needs. The leaders want the information systems to manage the flow of information between the companies and also hold the same language in the company. Therefore, the ERP system made its debut in enterprises to facilitate their information systems. ERP, or Enterprise Resources Planning, can be defined briefly as a tool that is frequently found in companies seeking to build a unified computer system. We can ask ourselves about the impact of an ERP in the company. The term comes from the ERP method of MRP (Manufacturing Resource Planning) system used in the 1970s. It was used for the planning and management of industrial production. An ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) is defined according to the largest dictionary of terminology as, "a program that lets you manage all processes of a company, integrating all functions of the latter as human resource management, management accounting and financial reporting, decision support, but also the sale, distribution, procurement, electronic commerce." The ERP is based on "the construction of enterprise computing applications (accounting, inventory management) as independent modules. These modules share a common database, enabling data communication between applications. The PRT is divided into modules that respond to a management domain. Also referred to as functional modules, they cover each module of the company management. An ERP can also be characterized by the systematic use of a motor Workflow. This is "a system to automate information flow within an organization."It is not always visible to the user. When data is entered into the information system, it is spread on all modules of the system that need it according to a predefined program.

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