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Providing mobility management in a heterogeneous wireless networks

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  1. Abstract
  2. Introduction to wireless networks
  3. WLAN and high speed communication
  4. Mobility management protocols
  5. Network mobility management
  6. Application adaptation and content delivery
    1. Real time applications
    2. Non-real time applications
  7. Conclusion
  8. Reference

Mobile Routers moving in a heterogeneous network environment can take advantage of the different, often complementing, characteristics of the various wireless network technologies. Satellite and cellular networks can provide wide coverage outside urban areas. However, the cost of communications for these technologies is often significant. Shorter range, high bandwidth wireless technologies, such as IEEE 802.11 WLAN and WiMax can provide high data rates at a low price but cover only hot spots (WLAN) or urban areas (WiMax). For a Mobile Router to provide cost effective high bandwidth communication services to Mobile Network Nodes, it needs to be able to switch between the different technologies and between different providers networks frequently to provide connectivity via the best available network. Keyword: Heterogenous Network, Mobility, IEEE 802.11, WLAN, Wimax

[...] providing passengers in a train with Internet access, the high costs and relatively low speeds of the high coverage technologies make it preferable to use multiple network technologies. Thus, the link layer approach to mobility management can not provide a general solution to network mobility management. Network layer approaches or to be more accurate mobility management protocols sitting between the network layer and the transport layer enable the use of a single mobility management protocol with multiple link types and multiple applications and transport protocols. [...]

[...] The server acts a SIP proxy for the SIP hosts inside the mobile network enabling a NEMO like operation Application adaptation and content delivery In a heterogeneous network environment, handoffs often result in changes to the availability of network resources for an application. Typically in vertical handoffs, the available bandwidth and delay will change dramatically when moving between WLAN and WWAN technologies. Even in horizontal handoffs the available bandwidth may differ markedly due to differences in network loads or the received signal strength. [...]

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