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Study formal methods for multilingual software

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  1. Abstract
  2. Introduction
  3. Multi-lingual software
    1. Definition
    2. Requirements of multi-lingual software
    3. Linguistic level efforts
    4. Domain level efforts
  4. Formulization of multi-lingual software using algebraic structure
  5. Models of multi-lingual software development
    1. Wrapper model
    2. Monolithic model
    3. Multi-lingual library model
    4. Language library
  6. Discussions
    1. Limitations of the existing models
    2. Language aspects and qualities
  7. Conclusion
  8. References

Globalization drives the software developers to give a new face to the software through multilingualization. So multilingual software developments were put under the lime light and it got support from academic institutes and software development organizations as either commercial or research projects. These efforts are discrete and particular to specific needs and/or technologies. Also these efforts are restricted due to lack of standard in different concerns of fundamental concepts of language and multilingualism in digital form. Furthermore, there is no formalization on multilingual software which makes the designer more difficult to work with these kinds of software. We have studied that various multilingual software developed and derived formal models for the same. The formal models are categorized as wrapper, monolithic and librarybased models. The background models are presented in this paper. In addition, we also present a discussion about the proposed models focusing on the concerns of stake holders and qualities expected from multilingual software. Keywords: Multilingual software models, Multilingual software models, Multilingual software qualities, Multilingual software concerns, Multilingual software development.

[...] Indeed, we can enumerate several different things (hat might b formalized and they are architecture of a specific system, an architectural style, theory o software architecture and formal semantics for architectural description languages. Formalization can be achieved using Z language or CHAM model [ 13). It also ca be achieved with UML even though it has some limitations. The mathematics structures is another way of carrying out formalization. In this paper, we use mathematical structures in formalization of the models. [...]


[...] Process-parsing, domain based indexing etc Qualities Other than functional qualities, like any other software, multilingual software has the nonfunctional qualities Modifiability Understandability Reusability Adaptability Modifiability The following are the agenda to be met to achieve this quality from the language perspective Existing language Components addition Components modification Components deletion Deletion of existing language and its components Addition of new language and language Understandability The following are the list of items to be assembled to attain this quality from the language concern Language components are clearly captured, designed and developed to meet the requirements of Stake holders and help them to identify their Requirements Roles Responsibilities Reusability The following are the schema to be met to realize this quality from the language concern Separating the language aspects Possible level of language abstraction Encouraging and ensuring this quality in all stages of software development Adaptability The following are the list of items to be met to achieve this quality from the language concern Software have to work in the language of user's choice which is made directly or indirectly Language switching in software should be supported at run time Language Neutrality Abstracting the language from the domain and at the run-time the instance of the language is composted with the domain modules. [...]


[...] non-functional qualities of the multilingual software are difficult to achieve. This approach makes (he software as silos. It will be too complex to design and develop. Structural Representation Let S be (he multilingual software and it is represented as Where C is (he monolithic component having domain functionality as well as multilingual functionalities. Figure 2 : Monolithic Model Merits This model meets both the functional and multilingual requirements of the stake holders, if it works. Demerits Major difficulty with this approach is hard to understand (he implementation. [...]

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