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AIDS in Africa (2005)

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  1. Introduction.
  2. The Demographics of AIDS.
  3. AIDS in Africa: Total Cases for 2003 and 1997.
  4. HIV/AIDS Related Deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa by Age Between 1997 and 2002.
  5. Social/Cultural Variables.
  6. Economic Variables.
  7. Political Variables.
  8. The Impacts of HIV/AIDS on the Future Demographics and Economic Well-being of Africa.
  9. Conclusion.

Research on the historical development of HIV/AIDS demonstrates that the first cases of this disease can be traced back to 1978. Although AIDS had not been identified at that time, five men in different parts of the world had died from unusual, yet similar diseases. These five men were all homosexuals, each in the prime of his life. Subsequent research on the disease that killed these five men in 1978 led to the discovery of AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control) in 1982. By this time the number of individuals in Western countries that had died as a result of the disease was over 1,000. Thus began the epidemic of AIDS in the Western Hemisphere (So Little?, 2003). As more information about AIDS and the virus that causes AIDS, HIV, became a more pervasive threat to Western health, numerous steps were taken to reduce the total impact of this condition on society. In particular, public awareness campaigns focused on condom use and the advent of AIDS drugs all served as the foundation for successfully combating the AIDS epidemic that had developed in the West. At the present time, countries such as the United States have the lowest child and adult HIV infection rate and the lowest number of deaths due to the spread of AIDS

[...] The onset of the AIDS epidemic has reduced, and in most cases, reversed the progress that has been made in this area in slightly more than a decade. In the Sub-Saharan countries, the life expectancy has now dropped below 40 years of age. In addition to the fact that women between the ages of 15 and 49 are most susceptible to contracting HIV/AIDS, researchers have also noted significant increases in the number of young individuals of both genders contracting the disease. [...]

[...] With the realization that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has been more controlled in developed nations, there is a clear impetus to examine why the epidemic of AIDS in Africa and, more specifically, Sub-Saharan Africa has become exacerbated to the point that an entire race of people may be decimated by this disease. Clearly modern science has given physicians and researchers the tools that they need to effectively combat this disease. Yet despite access to these tools, AIDS counties to consume the lives of millions of people in Africa, orphaning children and further plunging the continent into economic despair. [...]

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