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A Critique on Investigation of the coping antecedents to positive outcomes and distress in multiple sclerosis

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  1. Patients with MS face several physical and psychosocial problems.
  2. The title, ?Investigation of the coping antecedents to positive outcomes and distress in multiple sclerosis?, is an insufficient one given the focus and aims of the project.
  3. The relevance of this study is based on the fact that multiple sclerosis as a chronic illness takes a toll on both the physical and psychosocial aspects of a patient's health.
  4. This study has made a contribution to the field of psychology.
  5. A weakness in the methodology is the non-random sample of the population that was tested.
  6. The results are very promising and as such, should merit more research on this field of psychology in relation to multiple sclerosis.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and progressive illness of the central nervous system that damages the brain and the spinal cord. It may take different forms but all disrupt nerve function causing symptoms ranging from mild numbness and walking difficulties to paralysis and blindness. It occurs due to an immune-system attack against myelin, a white, fatty coat around nerve fibers which provides insulation that contributes to the speed of transmission of nerve signals. When this is attacked, demyelination or destruction of myelin occur causing nerve transmission flow interruption leading to the neurological problems related to the disease. Symptoms include weakness, tingling, numbness, fatigue, lack of coordination, balance and vision problems, tremors, muscle stiffness, slurred speech, bowel and bladder problems, sexual dysfunction, memory and reasoning problems and partial or complete paralysis.

[...] Multiple Sclerosis: Stressors and coping strategies in spousal caregivers. Journal of Community Health Nursing 123-135. Pakenham, K. I. (2005). Benefit finding in multiple sclerosis. Health Psychology 123?132. Pakenham, K. I. (2006). Investigation of the coping antecedents to positive outcomes and distress in multiple sclerosis. Psychology and Health 633-649. Pakenham, K.I. and Bursnall S. (2006). Relations between social support, appraisal and coping and both positive and negative outcomes for children of a parent with multiple sclerosis and comparisons with children of healthy [...]


[...] How these results confirm the hypotheses mentioned in the earlier part of the paper is elaborately explained and supported by sufficient related literature. The results are very promising and as such, should merit more research on this field of psychology in relation to multiple sclerosis. Recommendations for the study must focus on the apparent weaknesses in sampling and conducting of tests. The sample should include a broader representation of all MS patients in the world to affirm the universality of the results. [...]

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