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An analytical essay on kidney stones

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Review of the Literature.
    1. Kidney Stones and Gender.
    2. Dietary Causes of Kidney Stones.
    3. Metabolic Causes of Kidney Stones.
  3. Conclusion/Results/Opinion.
  4. Summary of the Research.

Research on kidney stones demonstrates that this painful condition has been part of human physiology since the time of the Egyptians (Cause and?, 1998). Although kidney stones are one of the most painful disorders that can be experienced by the patient, they are also one of the most common. Researchers note that 10 percent of the American population will at one time in their lives experience kidney stones (Cause and?, 1998). While men are more prone to the condition than women, in most cases, kidney stones pass without the need for intervention from the physician. As such, while kidney stones are painful they are in most cases benign.Examining the basic definition of kidney stones that has been offered in the current research, scholars have noted that, ?A kidney stone develops from crystals that separate from urine and build up on the inner surfaces of the kidney. Normally, urine contains chemicals that prevent or inhibit the crystals from forming.

[...] Further, researchers have noted that once cystine stones have formed, they often do not respond to traditional therapies that can be used on other types of kidney stones?such as shock wavy lithotripsy. As such, when cystine stones are present, minimally invasive procedures, such as ureteroscopy, must be used. Although this procedure causes minimal discomfort for the patient, research does show that in most cases, patients with cystine stones will have a recurrence of the stones throughout their lifetime. As such, individuals with cystinuria will have to undergo repeated procedures to reduce the presence of stones (Joly, Rieu, Méjean, Gagnadoux, & Daudon, 1999). [...]

[...] When the issues of hypercalciuria and cystinuria are put aside, it is clear that the formation of kidney stones can be notably reduced though the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits. Proper diet ensures that not too much calcium or oxalate are present in the urinary tract system. Exercise helps the body to function more efficiency. Finally, hydration helps the body function more efficiency and dilutes the urine, preventing kidney stone formation. While it is not reasonable to argue that all individuals will be able to avoid the pitfalls of kidney stone formation, it is evident that notable steps can be taken to avoid this painful condition. [...]

[...] Metabolic Causes of Kidney Stones Berman, van der Watt, Hack, and Baumgarten (2005) report that most kidney stones form as a result of excess calcium oxalate in the body. While researchers have long assumed that this process was the direct result of increased dietary intake of this compound, current research on this topic suggests that the body's calcium oxalate production mechanism may be responsive for increases in kidney stone formation. According to these authors, oxalate is derived from its metabolic precursor, glyoxylate. [...]

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