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Assesment of Normal Pregnancy

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Harvard

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  1. Diagnosis
  2. Symptoms
  3. Signs
  4. Positive Manifestations
  5. Fetal heart tones
  6. Palpation of fetus
  7. X-ray of fetus
  8. Ultrasound examination of fetus
  9. Pregnancy Tests
  10. Biological tests
  11. Immunological tests
  12. Radioimmunoassay for hcg
  13. Radioreceptor assay
  14. Home pregnancy tests
  15. Final Discussion

The diagnosis of pregnancy is usually made on the basis of a history of amenorrhea, an enlarging uterus, and a positive pregnancy test. Nausea and breast tenderness are also often present. It may be crucial to diagnose pregnancy before the first missed menstrual period to prevent exposure of the fetus to hazardous substances (eg, x-rays, teratogenic drugs), to manage ectopic or nonviable pregnancies, or to provide better health care for the mother.

[...] Globe Assesment of Normal Pregnancy DIAGNOSIS The diagnosis of pregnancy is usually made on the basis of a history of amenorrhea, an enlarging uterus, and a positive pregnancy test. Nausea and breast tenderness are also often present. It may be crucial to diagnose pregnancy before the first missed menstrual period to prevent exposure of the fetus to hazardous substances x-rays, teratogenic drugs), to manage ectopic or nonviable pregnancies, or to provide better health care for the mother. The manifestations of pregnancy are classified into 3 groups: presumptive, probable, and positive. [...]


[...] Positive Manifestations The various signs and symptoms of pregnancy are often reliable, but none is diagnostic. A positive diagnosis must be made upon objective findings, many of which are not produced until after the first trimester. However, more methods are becoming available to diagnose pregnancy at an early stage. A. FETAL HEART TONES (FHTs) It is possible to hear FHTs with a fetoscope in a slender woman at 17?18 weeks. The normal fetal heart rate is 120?160 beats per minute. [...]


[...] Positive Manifestations The various signs and symptoms of pregnancy are often reliable, but none is diagnostic. A positive diagnosis must be made upon objective findings, many of which are not produced until after the first trimester. However, more methods are becoming available to diagnose pregnancy at an early stage. A. FETAL HEART TONES (FHTs) It is possible to hear FHTs with a fetoscope in a slender woman at 17?18 weeks. The normal fetal heart rate is 120?160 beats per minute. [...]

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