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Epidemic of Obesity in the United States

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  1. Introduction
  2. A lack of exercise: The most pertinent causes of obesity in children
  3. Other researchers examining the cultural impact of 'idealized' images of thinness and beauty
  4. The research that has been conducted with respect to the prevention of weight gain and obesity
  5. Floodmark, Ohlsson, Ryden, and Sveger (1993): Specific interventions for obese children
  6. Standard physical education and nutrition classes for participants
  7. Arguing that the needs of obese children need to be measured
  8. Effects of a controlled trial of a school-based exercise program on the obesity indexes of preschool children
  9. Conclusion
  10. References

Research on the epidemic of obesity in the United States demonstrates that in the past decade, the number of adults and children classified as overweight or obese has increased drastically (Evans & Renaud, 2006). In particular, researchers have noted that at the present time, 15 percent of all children and adolescents combined are either overweight or obese. Because many overweight and obese children go on to become overweight and obsess adults there is a clear impetus for public health officials to be concerned with the recent increases in the number of overweight and obese children. At the present time, obesity costs the US more than $93 billion in healthcare costs each year and is one of the most preventable sources of disease that is currently present in the population. Thus, public health officials are now attempting to work with children to reduce the prevalence of obesity and develop a generation of healthier adults (Evans& Renaud, 2006).Despite the fact that researchers have been able to track the development and increase of obesity among children and adolescents, addressing this problem in terms of successful outcomes proves to be a pervasive challenge for most public health officials. Mo-suwan, Pongprapai, Junjana and Puetpaiboon (1998) note that, ?As in adults, the maintenance of weight reduction after treatment in poor in children.

[...] Prevention of Obesity Clearly the issue of childhood and adolescent obesity is one that has notable ramifications for the health and well being of the individual, in childhood and adolescence and into adulthood. With the realization that obesity can have such a profound impact on the development of the child, many public health officials have advocated for the development of prevention programs as a central means to improve adolescent health. Caballero (2004) in his examination of the methods that have been proposed to improve outcomes for obese and overweight children observes: Prevention is widely recognized as an indispensable strategy to turn the tide of the global epidemic of obesity. [...]

[...] Changing perceptions of the childhood obesity epidemic. American Journal of Health Behavior, 167- 176. Floodmark C.E., Ohlsson, T., Ryden, O., & Sveger, T. (1993). Prevention of progression to severe obesity in a group of obese school children treated with family therapy. Pediatrics 880-884. Gortmaker, S.L., Peterson, K., Weicha, J., Sobol, A.M., Dixit, Fox, M.K., et al. (1999). Reducing Obesity via a school-based interdisciplinary intervention among youth: Planet Health. Arch Pediatr Adolescent Med 409-18. Herbozo, S., Tantleff-Dunn, S., & Gokee-Larose, J., (2004). [...]

[...] In addition to the fact that the efficacy of most interventions is difficult to validate in the long-term, the current research does not provide a clear indication of what types of interventions work the best for reducing obesity in a diverse population of children. Summary of the Articles Epstein, L.H., Paluch, R.A., Consalvi, A., Riordan, K., & Scholl, T. (2002). Effects of manipulating sedentary behavior on physical activity and food intake. J Pediatr 334-339. In this investigation, the sedentary behaviors of 13 non-obese children between the ages of eight and 12 years of age were tracked in three phases: regular activity, increased sedentary behaviors and decreased sedentary behaviors. [...]

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