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Lassa fever in West Africa

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  1. Introduction to epidemiological of Lassa fever in West Africa
  2. Review and evaluation of some of the interventions towards Lassa fever in West Africa
  3. Personal intervention for Lassa fever in West Africa

This paper focuses on Lassa fever in West Africa. The Lassa virus that causes the fever has been considered a member of Old World Arenaviruses. In this regard, it has been solely considered endemic in West Africa. Its full endemicity is nevertheless unclear especially given the poor contact means as well as poor communication between researchers and people living in the rural area, where the Lassa fever is highly seen according to Mccormick and Johnson (n.d).

[...] Other supportive therapy applied on patients suffering from Lassa fever involves use of analgesics like Paracetamol to aid them in pain relief. As the name suggest, Lassa fever, the disease is always accompanied by severe pains especially headaches and by offering analgesics to the patient, they are relived from pain issues that they are experiencing (Donaldson, 2009). For patients diagnosed by Lassa fever coming from malaria endemic areas, quinine injections is always administered to prevent them from contacting malaria as this would increase their pain and hinder effective treatment process. [...]


[...] This in my opinion will reduce Lassa fever infection (Grove et al., 2011). Abolishing all cultural practices that promotes contact with rodents may also assist in reducing the risk of spread and contact of Lassa fever. A good example is that in Sierra Leon where rodents are common things to most citizens as they interact with them in one way or the other is highly susceptible to cases of Lassa fever outbreak. Rules should be introduced within the country barring anyone from such activities like eating the rodents, or using them for other related purposes. [...]


[...] In West African countries like Sierra, the communities there use rodents like rats as food. Though there are species or rats which be used for food purposes, not all rats all good and healthy for eating. This practiced encouraged the spread of the virus among such communities and infection of others who did not take rat as food but by having contact with infected person or through airborne disease (Donaldson, 2009). Public health workers within the country initiated campaigns especially in remote areas of the country as majority of those who used rats as food were not modernized therefore understood little to the role rodents play in causing the disease. [...]


[...] A good example is that in the past, health officials would forget things like wearing gloves when handling an infected patient as they were not educated on the importance of this and there was also lack of adequate resources to purchases all the needed items and equipment required to curb the disease (Asogun, et al., 2012). The availability of funds and resources has also made it possible for extensive research to be carried in this field. Modern laboratories equipped with all the necessary facilities have been set up to facilitate research (Enria et al., 2008). Lassa fever hence does not pose much threat as earlier thought. The number of health practitioners operating in these regions should also be increased to tackle any new infections. [...]


[...] New York: CABI. [Online] Available at: https://books.google.com/books?id=pZ9fpHtvOGYC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Commu nicable+disease+epidemiology+and+control:+a+global+perspective.&hl=en&sa=X&e i=c 4k-VbzYFcqtUZfcgLgE&ved=0CCAQuwUwAA [Accessed 18 April 2015]. Wolff Ebihara H and Groseth A Arenavirus budding: a common pathway with mechanistic differences. Viruses 528?549. [Online] Available at: http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact =8&ved=0CCIQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.mdpi.com%2F1999- 4915%2F5%2F2%2F528&ei=lok- VY26CYHjUPCchLAN&usg=AFQjCNFlKP35BNFpMBgt3857LTusJAEhoQ&sig2=PG 0fUhmUtNU5FpJ-z11JnQ&bvm=bv.91665533,d.d24 [Accessed 18 April 2015]. [...]

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