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Urinary Incontinence

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General public
Study
medical...
School/University
UFMG

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documents in English
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.ppt
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presentations
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34 slides
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  1. Definition and scope of the problem
  2. Pathogenesis
  3. Clinical manifestations
  4. Diagnosis
  5. Treatment
  6. Recommendations
  7. Bibliography

Urinary incontinence is defined as involuntary loss of urine of sufficient severity to be a health and/or social problem. Although it is commonly hidden and not discussed with health professionals, urinary incontinence is a prevalent, morbid, and expensive condition. Half of young and middle-aged women experience urinary incontinence, often in association with childbirth. Urinary incontinence is a common manifestation of benign and malignant prostate enlargement in middle-aged and older men.

[...] Although it is commonly hidden and not discussed with health professionals, urinary incontinence is a prevalent, morbid, and expensive condition. Half of young and middle-aged women experience urinary incontinence, often in association with childbirth. Urinary incontinence is a common manifestation of benign and malignant prostate enlargement in middle-aged and older men. Definition and Scope of the Problem The prevalence and incidence of urinary incontinence are higher in women and increase with age. Among relatively healthy community-dwelling adults age 60 years and older, about one third of women and nearly 20% of men have some degree of urinary incontinence. [...]


[...] Pharmacologic treatment of an underactive bladder associated with chronic urinary retention and overflow incontinence is not generally effective. Treatment Surgical treatment can be highly effective in women with stress incontinence, at least over a 1-to 5-year period. Women with intrinsic sphincter weakness (as opposed to urethral hypermobility) may benefit from periurethral injections of collagen. Recommendations No strategies have proved effective in preventing urinary incontinence. Three approaches may be of some benefit, however, and are worthy of brief consideration. First, general education about bladder health and the behavioral and dietary factors that can affect it can help people understand that urinary incontinence and related urinary problems are not normal and that when such symptoms do occur, patients should seek evaluation and treatment. [...]

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