The Actual Malice Rule
- Ethical issues in journalism
- Ethical issues in advertising (sexism and children)
- Ethical issues in public relations
- Ethical issues in entertainment
The actual malice rule is one of the regal requirements needed to prove slander against government officials and public figures. When false information is given, with knowledge that the information is false, this condition is known as actual malice. There is a difference between common malice law and actual malice rule. Common malice law is applied in a condition where the information given was false, with the intention of hurting or tinting the image of a specific person or group. Both these rules are used to show slander in court but in different contexts. The rule helps a lot in cases involving slander.
Ever since 1964, the cases involved with slander are overseen by the constitution. There are special rules that are used to give directions on these cases. The rule applies a lot in the media fraternity. The actual malice rule originated from the media as a measure to protect themselves from prosecution from statements published that were false. The rule has helped in solving many cases. The rule has been there for a long time. In 1985, the rule got opposition from many sectors. There were tabloids and newspaper columns, which wrote articles about the disadvantages of the rule. The highest court in the land believes that this unique exemption for the mass media advocates vigorous and opens debate on radical issues. It trusts the guiltless person must be forwent for the betterment of the world (Epstein) the actual malice rule has provided parameters for people to escape justice by simply stating gross negligence.
[...] Many end up thinking that life is as if what they see portrayed in music and videos. They end up corrupting their morals and become a menace to the society. Ethical issues in entertainment should be taken seriously. The dangers of not taking this seriously are many and eventually corrupt the morals of children and grownups (Coyne). Works Cited Coyne, Richard. Ethical problems (the list). Web. 21-11-2011. http://mediacultureclass.wordpress.com/2011/11/21/ethical-problems- the-list/ Epstein, Richard. Actual malice should go. Web. February http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1985-02-18/news/8501100242_1_damage- awards-actual-malice-libel Ethics Net. Rules of ethics in journalism. Web. [...]
[...] In places of work, conflicts are bound to happen. It is the work of the public officer to help defuse these problems amicably. The public relation officer should listen to both sides and make an informed decision on how to solve the issue. Honesty is one of the most important ethical issues in public relation. Public relation officers should follow the highest morals of accurateness and certainty in progressing the welfares of those who are represented. Honesty is also an integral part in shaping the character of a perfect public relation officer (PRSA). [...]
[...] The ramifications of this information can be dire. Journalists are guided on how to carry out themselves by a code of ethics. One of the most important ethical issues is a journalist shall desist from any information or action that may harm the reputation of the journalist or to his organization. Journalists deal a lot with information and there is need to verify information before airing or publishing it. In addition, they are supposed to carry out themselves with good conduct and in a manner to portray their professionalism. [...]