Agro-industrial in Santa Catarina
- The beginning of the agribusiness sector in Santa Catarina
- Agro-industrial in Santa Catarina
The agricultural industry is one of the main segments of the Brazilian economy, which are both important in the domestic supply as the export performance of Brazil. Agribusiness is synonymous with value addition, adequacy of raw materials, protection and food safety, development processes and products, equipment development, construction and improvement of management models, convenience consumption, and production systems built on a sustainable basis. The functionality of the agricultural industry, therefore, is an economic, social and environmental dimension of great importance to society.
The above data refers to an extent restricted to the value of production of agro-industry, in which the main segments are the slaughter and preparation of meat, sugar manufacturing and refining, dairy products, bakery and production of pasta, vegetable oils and the juice industry. These are the items that most developed in Brazil in the last 20 years and occupied a prominent position.
[...] The regime of small property, as opposed to large farms has increased the social division of labor and local government, which, in a way, was sprayed. Even with this relative fragmentation of power, social conflicts are present throughout the twentieth century, breaking out in the Contested War and extending to the Landless Movement in recent years. With industrialization and urbanization, there is a more balanced agricultural diversification and increased food culture oriented to the domestic market and the pace of agriculture shall be dictated by the dynamics of industrial capital. [...]
[...] These are the items that most developed in Brazil in the last 20 years and occupied a prominent position. However, one must consider that the coffee complex maintains its importance, is the contribution to the trade balance of agriculture - as shown graphic evolution of the Main Items of Agricultural Products Export Tariff - either in supplying the largest consumer market in the world coffee which is the Brazilian. There is a wide range of segments, with different structures and forms of organization of markets that include the participation - and sometimes with the competition - multinational and small companies. [...]
[...] Until the mid-40s, a result of the concentration of commercial and timber capital, Santa Catarina west of refrigerators quickly integrate the national economy, providing pigs and derivatives. Within the agri-complex, the region began to define its role in national and territorial division of labor, as a producer and supplier of foods derived from pigs and poultry. In the 50s, in the food industry is the accelerated expansion of the insert in the domestic market of Santa Catarina refrigerators, with the opening of units out of the west of the state and the beginning of the integrated system, increasing its subordination of small farms to big business . [...]
[...] The standardization of the sources of raw materials and the need for a qualitative improvement of these sources gave rise within the agribusiness genetic research laboratories, which ended up opening on the formation of large agro-pastoral farms, responsible for research and even large material suppliers press the productive system. For transport systems, agro-economic groups left early for the outsourcing process of transporting their cargo to the marketing companies. In fact, Santa Catarina west of agribusinesses left aggressively to a policy of adding value to products. [...]
[...] With the coming of the third wave of immigrants after 1875, increased diversity and food supplies, as derived from pork and milk, manufacture of wine and also cassava flour. Agricultural activities in Santa Catarina, which resulted in the production of food, were all practiced by smallholders, who in addition to producing for subsistence, trade the surplus with the local market and nearby shopping centers (Laguna, San Francisco, Joinville, Blumenau and Florianópolis). Many settlers sold their properties to be mined by a firm or themselves to mined. [...]