What are the implications of climate change for development?
- The phenomenon of climate change
- Global warming
- WTO and its role
The phenomenon of climate change is as old as the planet earth itself. For ages, the temperature at the surface of the earth has varied, triggering many different climatic eras: Earth has hitherto known five ice ages, and the first of them is estimated to have happened around 2.4 to 2.1 billion years ago. However, the scientific community proved that mankind has now to face an unprecedented acceleration of such change. What is called in the public opinion ?global warming? is the manifestation of such acceleration.
The consequences are so far dramatic, and the examples numerous, the melt of the icecap being the most obvious. Finally, a consensus about the explanation of such change has been reached, albeit many sceptical theories also exist. This is to be correlated with the technological explosion known by mankind during the 20th century, especially through a blossoming industrialization. Thanks to such progresses, the world is now globalized. However, such development was not uniform; some countries are still trying to catch up on the developed countries of the northern hemisphere. They are trying to improve their level of development as the developed world did earlier.
The notion of development is actually very wide: this essay will focus on the economic and technological ways of development, such as growth and industrialization, aiming to end the poverty. Such economic boom has been successfully achieved in the past century the states which are now the leaders of the globalized world. But as the climate change shows it, it is actually impossible for any country to develop in their way without a considerable impact for the environment. Mankind thus has to cope with this new challenge in her seek for improvement.