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Classical Growth Theory

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  1. Introduction
  2. Classical Theory of Economic Growth
  3. Gross Domestic Product
  4. Conclusion

Conducting an examination on theories developed over the years, reveals that while some theorists received stimulation from accidental incidences, theories on classical economies involves combinations of common strands of focus contributed by classical economists on how the market economies operated. Although neoclassical and modern economists levy a general trend of criticism against the rationality of individual theories contributing towards the collective classical theories, it is essential not to overlook the existing rationality and applicability in today's economy. Classical theory of growth comprising contributions from Robert Malthus, Adam Smith, and David Ricardo amongst others explains that the process of economic growth will end as the population increases and resources become limited. Economists behind the development of this theory based their theoretical foundations to generating the concept of subsistence level while modelling their individual theories. They held that if the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) recorded a rise above the subsistence point, it would stimulate a population explosion that would bring the real GDP to the initial level they identified as the equilibrium level (Brewer, 2010).

[...] ( 2008, March 26). Malthusian Population Dynamics: Theory and Evidence. Retrieved December from Boianovsky, M., & Hoover, K. D. (2009, January 29). The Neoclassical Growth Model and 20th Century Economics. Retrieved December from Boundless. (2010). Malthus' Theory of Population Growth. Retrieved December from Brewer, A. (2010). The Making of the Classical Theory of Economic Growth. New York: Taylor & Francis. Brym, R. [...]

[...] In particular, the theory fails to provide clear limits of population growth despite predicting about doomsday. This disregards the application of the theory since the areas associated with population explosions such as Indonesia and the developed Europe portrays the most prosperous economies. CLASSICAL GROWTH THEORY 6 Bibliography AAG. (2011, September 18). Malthusian Theory of Population. Retrieved December from 8.html Andersen, M. L., & Taylor, H. F. (2010). Sociology : The Essentials ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Ashraf, Q., & Galor, O. [...]

[...] For example, Malthus warned that population growth would exceed resource growth leading to catastrophic checks on overpopulation (Boundless, 2010). Although taking a different basis in the development of their theories, they explain the economic growth process by examining various rates of population growth against technological progress. Furthermore, the classical theory is based upon the class structure of the capitalist economy identifying three classes including workers, capitalists and landowners, each with a specific role in the economic process (Salvadori, 20003). The key components adopted by the classical economists in this theory were production function, investment, profit determinant, technological progress, alongside the size of the wages system and labor force. [...]

[...] Panico, C., & Salvadori, N. (2006). Classical, Neoclassical and Keynesian Views on Growth and Distribution. Chentenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. CLASSICAL GROWTH THEORY 7 Persson, K. G. (2010). An Economic History of Europe: Knowledge, Institutions and Growth to the Present. New York: Cambridge University Press. Salvadori, N. (20003). The Theory of Economic Growth: A 'classical' Perspective. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing . Skousen, M. [...]

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