The Consequences of World War Two
- The End of Imperialism
- The Formation of the United Nations
A shift in the world axis of power is seen as the major result of the war. Power shifted from Europe because most of the countries had been crippled by the war and their economies were left yearning for intervention. The war had taken place against a backdrop of world depression which made it even worse for the European nations. Japan which had been a major player in its quest for world power was defeated in an expensive war which made its quest for the domination of Asia a dream. Two new super powers emerged in the long run. They included the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States of America (USA) (Grenville, 2001).
The United States rose to power because it had long refrained from joining the war and had only provided material and intellectual resources to the allied powers. As a result, most of the industries in the U.S benefited from economic gains resulting from exportation of materials to the allied powers. Thus the country became a leader in the manufacturing sphere because of the war. This led to expansions in the fields of agriculture, technology and military. The U.S. had an upper hand in the war because of its strategic location and hence suffered very little. War was concentrated in Europe and it would have been expensive for the war to be conducted on American soil because of the distance and the military superiority of the U.S. which had started emerging as a powerful entity (Key, 1985; Wettig, 2008).
[...] Europe Since 1945: An Encyclopedia. New York, N.Y: Taylor & Francis. Grenville, J. (2001). A History of the World from the 20th to the 21st Century. New York, N.Y: Routledge. Jones, H. (2009). A New Kind of War: America's global strategy and the Truman Doctrine in Greece. London, U.K: Oxford University Press. Kee, R. (1985). [...]
[...] The UN peace keeping missions have also been important in promoting peace in volatile areas in the world. However, critics have asserted that the UN has not been an autonomous body that seeks to protect the interests of its members. They have claimed that the UN was instituted so that it may promote the American ideologies while protecting their vested interests. The United States has been seen in occasions to trounce the decisions unanimously agreed upon by the UN (Jones, 2009). [...]
[...] The Consequences of World War Two There are numerous consequences that resulted from the Second World War. Like any other war, the negative effects outnumber the gains that may have been made by the war. To date, experts in different fields have been unable to compile the total cost and consequences of World War Two. This is because some of the products of the war were purely psychological or of qualitative value. As devastating as the war was, there were some countries and individuals who greatly benefited from it (Jones, 2009). [...]
[...] 1945: The World We Fought For. Boston, MA and Toronto, Canada: Little Brown & Co. Plowright, J. (2007). The Causes, Course and Outcomes of World War Two. Basingstoke and New York, N.Y: Palgrave Macmillan Wettig, G. (2008). Stalin and the Cold War in Europe: The Emergence and Development of East-West Conflict, 1939-1953. Landham, U.K: Rowman & Littlefield. Wilton, D. (2011). United Nations. [...]
[...] Among the failures of the League was the failure to prevent the Second World War. The UN was thus constructed in response to the need for world peace (Wilton, 2011). The UN was formed by representatives of 26 nations that were against the axis powers in favor of the allied forces. The Atlantic charter was in effect endorsed in Washington and the 26 nations pledged not to make separate peace agreements but offer their full resources in ensuring that the axis powers were destroyed. [...]