What the constitution of Roman republic entails?
- Roman republic
- Julius Caesar
- What the constitution of Roman republic entails?
The constitution of the Roman republic was a set of guidelines and principles that passed through precedent. It was largely unwritten and constantly evolved since the founding of the city Rome to the collapse of Roman Empire. It vested the sovereign power to the king who did have checks on his authoritative power which took the form of the Roman senate and Curate assembly. The senate was the most permanent of all Rome's political institution probably founded before the first king ascended the throne. Its rules were to advise the two Romans consuls on matters of foreign and military policy and manage civil administration within the city. It also passed decrees and treat individuals accused of political crimes.
The republic of Rome came under foreign princes and kings who were mainly Etruscans. The powerful rulers of the senate represented the king. He appointed the senate and council of elders who ruled this republic. The power of this king would be used for the good of the people, but it later changed to be oppressive and hateful. Later the Romans drew into a series of war with the Etruscans. They later held over Greek colonies. This led to the end of their rule in the Roman republic.
The Roman republic started electing counsel rulers after overthrowing this monarchy. The Plebeians demanded the right to elect their own officials from the patricians after succeeding to Mons Sacer. They later formed plebeian tribunes after the Patricians duly capitulated. The senators started giving plebeian tribunes more power than before. The tribune felt indebted to the senate. The plebeians started to secure the office of the tribune to their family members and made a new law that gave them the power to appoint senators. This facilitated the formation of plebeian aristocracy that merged with partisans forming Patricio-plebeian aristocracy. The new formed aristocracy continued to enact laws and ruling the republic (Faulkner, 2008, p.67).
[...] Chichester, West Sussex, U.K: Wiley-Blackwell. Woolf, G. (2012). Rome: An empire's story. Oxford: Oxford University Press Potter, D. S. (2009). A companion to the Roman Empire. Oxford: Wiley- Blackwell Faulkner, N. (2008). Rome: Empire of the eagles. Harlow, England: Pearson Longman. [...]
[...] Another group of farmers formed the largest population of the country sides. They rich had taken their land since they could not pay their debt and harsh government policies deprived them their properties. Both of these groups formed a class of poor in Rome. Those citizens who lived in conquered territories had limited human rights and participation in the government. The slaves were the worst hit since the rulers deprived them all their rights as citizens. Tiberius Gracchus felt pity for this class of the poor due to the aggression committed to them by the rich. [...]