Core values of International Relations - Saudi Arabian national Constitution
- International Relations
- Saudi Arabian national Constitution
- Freedom Order and justice
- Consequences of not implementing the core values
The Saudi Arabian national Constitution and concept of rule of law is based on the Qur'an, which identifies itself as the rule of law. The 1992 Constitution or the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia clearly states that the kingdom is a sovereign State with Islam as the religion of the nation. It is administered by laws contained in the Quran (God's Book) and the ways of life (Sunnah) of His Prophet Muhammad as the state's constitution. Thus, the government derives its executive powers from the Holy Koran and the tradition of Prophet Muhammed. The Basic Law contains all the rights and obligations of the executive, judiciary, and the regulatory authority. Nevertheless, the King is above the aforementioned branches of government and their authority. Hence, the state does not provide for the doctrine of separation of powers (House 2012). The essay explores why the concept of ?core values' in international relations is not being applied in its spirit in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
The basic concepts of human values as applied to peaceful existence of international society include security, freedom, order, justice, and welfare. These social values are so fundamental to human wellbeing that they must be jealously guarded or guaranteed in one way, or another. Below are broadly described and placed in the Saudi Arabian context.
[...] Ignatieff, M. (2002). Is the human rights era ending?. New York Times A25. Joseph, S. (Ed.) Gender and citizenship in the Middle East. Syracuse University Press. Lippman, T. W., & Council on Foreign Relations Saudi Arabia: The uncertain future of an American ally. Washington, D.C: Potomac Books. Naim, A. A. [...]
[...] The country has no penal code; so prosecutors and judges have wide prerogatives of choosing what constitutes a crime and the corresponding punishment. Anyone can be arrested and detained including children. There are no rights of accused persons as they are tortured while in detention to force them to confess to crimes. After being found guilty they may be sent to hundreds of lashes, long prison sentences, amputation of limbs or execution. Women and children of puberty age are not exempted from execution. The more than eight million foreign workers are not recognised by the labour laws of the nation. [...]
[...] Peaceful co- existence of citizens promotes national freedom while on the international stage it ensures progressive international change for all nations. States are expected to cooperate to collectively solve problems that threaten international freedom. Saudi Arabia claims to be a free society that guarantees everyone the right to self- determination. Though it is governed by moral principles taken from the Quran, it has king, Abdel Aziz who acts as Allah Caliph on earth. The king and his subjects are all subject to the provisions of the Quran and to the Prophetic Sunnah (Mohammed's way of life). [...]
[...] References Brynen, R Beyond the Arab spring: Authoritarian rise & democrat in the Arab world. Boulder, Colo: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Champion, D The paradoxical kingdom Saudi Arabia: Saudi Arabia and the momentum of reform. New York: Columbia University Press. Gelvin, J. L The Arab uprisings today: What all need to know. New York: Oxford University Press. Gray, M Global security watch-- Saudi Arabia. House, K. E On Saudi Arabia nation: Its past, people, and religion, fault lines--and future. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. [...]
[...] National economies can not succeed in isolation; they must fair appropriately in the international commerce environment to broad their export market and encourage foreign direct investment. Economic policies of one state should be structured with the international market, communication, transportation and other aspects of international interdependence in mind. Increased mutual economic dependence opens up more markets fro products, spur productivity and service industries, and eventually increase wealth for numerous states thereby improving the welfare of citizens. Saudi Arabia is a wealthy country with massive oil resources and is estimated to possess 20% of the world's proven oil reserves. [...]