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Counselling Theory

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  1. Introduction
  2. Counselling approaches
  3. Boy and Pine
  4. Humanistic approach
  5. Psychodynamic therapies
  6. Person-Centred Counselling
  7. Conclusion

All counselling approaches may require need sort of theoretical basis, particularly person-centred counselling (Davies, 2012) which seems to necessitate a practitioner to have strong theoretical acumen to be successful.

There seems to be a large disparity and diversity in individuals who receive counselling, therefore it may be appropriate to retain an applicable knowledge of theory. This can be selected and applied as and when it is deemed suitable by the counselor.

Boy and Pine (1983) claim that theory provides a framework, as well as relatedness and unity of information and it allows one to see important client details that may otherwise be overlooked. Theory may facilitate a logical direction for a developing Counselor, helping them to focus on relevant information, and provides guidelines for treatment.

[...] Available at: counselling-why-are-they-important/ (Accessed: 25 May 2013). Dawson, R. (2013) Counselling/clinical supervision[Online].Available at: (Accessed: 20 June 2013). Joos, M. (1961) The Five Clocks. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World. McLeod, S. A. (2008). Psychosexual Stages - Simply Psychology. [...]

[...] CBTaddresses three important factors,which are cognition, a way of thinking, emotion, a way of feeling andbehaviour which is a way of acting.The cognitive elements of this theory refer to how people think about and understand situations, symptoms and events in their lives and how beliefs are developed about themselves, others and the world. Cognitive therapy uses techniques to help people become more aware of how theythink. The behaviour element refers to the way people respond when they are upset and distressed. [...]

[...] The goals help to bring an unresolved developmental conflict or repressed trauma into the conscious from the unconscious, in turn thisgives insight and self- awareness. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) was formulated by AaronTemkinBeck (born in 1921, died aged 91). He was an American psychiatrist who became interested in psychiatry during an internship at the Rhode Island Hospital, where he studied neurology as a specialty. Beck is considered as the father of cognitive behaviour therapy. Beck believed that there is a positive correlation between the amount and severity of someone's negative thoughts about themselves and their environment and the severity of their depressive symptoms. [...]

[...] All counsellors may benefit from having regular professional supervision. A supervisor acts in a mentoring role as a consultant to the counsellor, providing emotional and pastoral support as well as information and guidance. It may be needed to help resolve issues and to avoid burnoutas self care is very important and is also part of the ethical framework. As well as providing a sounding board for concerns, a supervisor is in a good position to spot any symptoms of burnout and will help the counsellor to deal with this. [...]

[...] The Counsellor needs to accept the client unconditionally without judging them, so that they can talk freely about their emotions and thoughts in a controlled environment.The person-centered Counsellor is always careful to maintain a positive attitude to the client;Carl Rogers placed great importance on this and suggested that individuals who don't have this type of acceptance from people in their life can come to hold negative beliefs about themselves. Clientswill need to feel valued for being themselves so that they can be understood and grow throughout the therapeutic relationship. Congruence is a simple concept and corresponds to a counselor being genuine. It is where the Counsellor's outward responses are the same as their inner feelings. [...]

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