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Death and fear

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  1. Introduction
  2. Death is the concreteness of human limitation
  3. Euthanasia and assisted suicide dysthanasia
  4. The patient and the Intensive Care Unit
  5. Conclusion

When trying to understand the meaning of death and the fear that people feel about it, you can understand some of the psychological changes that the individual may come to feel an intensive care unit. This topic will address the theme of death by two authors: Kovács and Feifel.

In his work on death and human development, Kovács (1992) reports that the awareness of death itself is an important constituent conquest of man, for this is determined by the objective awareness of their mortality and a subjectivity that seeks immortality.
A brief summary of the relationship death and human development will be presented.

For the child, the first mother's absences are experienced as death. "This first impression is stamped and marks one of the strongest representations of all time which is death as the absence, loss, separation, and the consequent experience of helplessness and annihilation" (KOVÁCS, 1992, p.03). Actual deaths occur then starting to differentiate between living and dead, reversibility feature, which is revised. Often they bring the element fault to death for having this period of life a magical and omnipotent thinking, establishing a relationship between the desire of someone's death and the actual death of this. Although adults rationally know that this process does not occur, emotionally what often blaming the death of another (KOVÁCS, 1992).
The teenager leaves such "children's thoughts," but feels like a hero as a child, with the characteristic challenge your limits.

[...] Even knowing the man will die, Kovács (1992, p.02) says: [ . ] However, we can not live your whole life in the overwhelming "presence" of death. There are several possibilities of concealment, both cultural, and psychological. Entres latter defense mechanisms can be highlighted: denial, repression, intellectualization, displacement. The defenses protect people from fear of death, however, may restrict them to live. And that would be a care to be taken, therefore, to the author, a subject to be so trapped, can not live, which may be equivalent to die. [...]

[...] There is no place for death, that is the defeat, failure. As we can see here depicts the current view of death: failure, defeat, incompetence (KOVÁCS p.05). The teenager is the desire for immortality of the human being. Follow adult life in which it is known that death not only happens to others and the possibility arises of death itself. This phase ends with the start of old age phase Kovács (1992) points out as the bearing more stigmas and negative attributes. [...]

[...] FREUD S. Group psychotherapy and self analysis (1921). In: Standard Ed of the Complete Psychological Works, vol. XVIII. [Translated by Jayme Solomon]. Rio de Janeiro: Imago; 1969. p. 89-169. Freud S. (1913 {1912-1913}). Totem and Taboo. [...]

[...] The patient is subjected to medical care, and receive all kinds of treatment aimed at improving their health. Although the purpose of admission to be the improvement of the patient, this unit has some specific features that generate important physiological and psychological repercussions, triggering anxiety, depression, agitation, confusion states, psychotic disorders, apathy, lethargy, stress, fear, and others, that is, reactions associated with the very intensive treatment. From this point on will be seen as some authors address issues associated with the patient's stay in the ICU. [...]

[...] Thus, it loses the right to privacy and control of your own life. Feels helpless against this new reality imposed, experienced, often as a prison ( . ) Depression can be installed and characterized by feelings of hopelessness and inability to overcome this critical moment (MILK p.415). Milk (2000) reports that in the face of extreme dependence and gravity situation, the defense mechanisms appear, children's behaviors in adults, insomnia - identified as substutivo phenomenon as the inability to be aware of death. [...]

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