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Diderot Encyclopedia versus the Bible

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  1. Introduction
  2. Historical Background
  3. The Ideology of the Modern Society; Ethics and Social Norms
  4. Criticism of Diderot
  5. Conclusion

Many people in the history have questioned the authority of accepted and canonic Bible texts, and before the authors would examine the differences between Diderot's Encyclopédie and the current text of the Bible that is used today. The below study would compare the texts, ideas and views of the two works, based on the relevant literature and research. Comparing the impact that the Bible had on the ethics and norms of the modern society with the liberal ideas featured in Diderot's writing will provide a historical background to the development of modern civilization, philosophy and ethics.

It is important to note that Diderot was educated at a Jesuit college, and after seeing the life of the church from the inside, he developed his own ideology that followed him on when he became a Master of Art in Philosophy. (McClinton, 2012) The Enlightenment was questioning all authority, including the one Church that seemed to tell people how to think and what was right or wrong. (Mathu, 2001) The dehumanization of natural humanity (p.66.) included the formation of a new word, and turning against the authorities, just like the Church. The changes made to the Bible text, omissions and the emphasis of some of the parts were critically reviewed by the thinkers. According to Bushby (2007), the authors were finding out more and more about what the Church did not want people to know. In the historical review, the author concludes that with the Constantine movement, some of the texts were left out. The Council if Nicaea decided which texts were ?suitable? for inclusion and which ones should be left out.

[...] In (1796) he describes the limitations set by the church as pointless and suggests that celibate is not indicated in any of the Biblical texts. The suffering and torture of the nun who dared to be an individual was a great example of the contradiction between the holy orders and human nature. Therefore, the author did not suggest that the Bible was wrong. One of the major questions of Diderot about the religion and Christ was: if he had the power to save himself, and he did not use it when he was crucified, then he was guilty of suicide. [...]


[...] Still, it is evident that Diderot did not try to attack or contradict the Biblical texts, but their usage moreover. Although the section related to religion was not a direct assault, more like a reference book on different aspects of life, the revolutionary thoughts contained, related to individual approaches to faith, belief and the Bible, it has questioned some of the facts included in the writing. Today, the Catholic Church has adapted a more liberal approach and has concluded that some of the data in the writings might have more symbolical meaning and should not be read word by word. [...]


[...] Diderot Encyclopedia versus the Bible Diderot Encyclopédie versus the Bible Introduction Many people in the history have questioned the authority of accepted and canonic Bible texts, and before the authors would examine the differences between Diderot's Encyclopédie and the current text of the Bible that is used today. The below study would compare the texts, ideas and views of the two works, based on the relevant literature and research. Comparing the impact that the Bible had on the ethics and norms of the modern society with the liberal ideas featured in Diderot's writing will provide a historical background to the development of modern civilization, philosophy and ethics. [...]

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