The different drug policies in France and Netherlands
- The repression of drug trafficking
- Drug trafficking: Netherlands & France
The Oxford dictionnary defines the drugs as « A substance taken for its narcotic or stimulant effects, often illegally » it has to be differentiate with the large definition of drugs : « A medicine or other substance which has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body ». I will focus my essay on the drugs mostly considered as illegal drugs, without taking account of other legal drugs such as tobacco, alcohol, medicine. The aim of this essay is to specify the different criminal law approaches in Europe concerning Marijuana, LSD, Ecstasy, Heroïne, Cocaïne.
On the international scene, drugs are a main problematic which affect millions of people. Indeed, there is a large increase in consumption of illegal drugs which are more and more diversified. The real problem is the growth of production of drugs by criminal organizations and the enlargement of an underground drug market uncontrolled by the States. Depending on the type of drugs, some countries in the world are known as main drug-producing-country.
Afghanistan produces 92 % of Opium which reach Europe through Asia, Turkey and the Balkan area. But the growing production in central Europe, Turkey, Africa is an on-going problem which will more and more endangered the European Union in the next years.