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The doctrine of salvation; a conception of Nature of Man

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  1. Introduction
  2. Signs to the way of salvation
  3. The dignity of work
  4. A reformist social-religious group
  5. Hindu influences

The quest of salvation is very important to the Guru. His teaching will be mainly based on it. Man is the main obstacle to salvation. "Man, when did not convert, is similar to a slave whose master is the world." Indeed, man is going to focus on its values, passions, sensuality, anger, pride, greed, attachment The result of this attachment to the world will be the transmigration passage of by several deaths instead of enjoying the bliss. Man is clearly separated from God. For the guru, the condition of man is abject. However, keep hope by saying that Man is eminently good and evil comes only from ignorance of divine revelation.

Nanak will therefore characterize this doctrine of salvation by the name (nam), speech (Sabad), the master (Guru) and harmony (hukan). To explain, man cannot recognize God's being (nam and Sabad). It cannot achieve deliverance (Mukati). It needs a guru who is the voice of God to men. To stop engaging in neither harmful practices, nor asceticism must follow the instructions of a guru who will "whisper the word (sabadu) in the heart of men." Therefore, in Sikhism Man is not rigidly bad as in much monotheistic religion. It should not demonstrate religious austerity, penance to save his soul, a feature which shows that this doctrine is singular.

[...] Therefore, Sikhism rejection of the caste system of Hinduism. For Sikhs all men are equal before God. Nanak condemned polytheism, the Vedas (sacred texts of Hinduism) and asceticism. Although there are gurus, Sikhs do not ask their followers to live and meditate in an ashram as Hindu gurus. In addition, if God is so impersonal and formless, it can not, contrary to the belief of the Hindus, to incarnate an avatar. So we see that Sikhism is very contradictory to Hinduism, despite some similarities between the two religions. [...]

[...] They only count on it to reach deliverance. Somehow the rites fall into disuse. Sikhs believe Allah or Brahma appreciate the services to others. Nanak preached the dignity of work, the faithful must live by their labor. So agriculture is recognized as the best profession. Sikhs will then form an entrepreneurial community in the field of labor. Nanak has also said "God said that man's salvation comes only from his only job. He will not ask the man what was his tribe or his fraternity, but what were his actions. [...]

[...] The traditional Hinduism was manifested by his Vedic philosophy and system of castes. Thus the Hindu and Muslim cultures have coexisted. Beyond was born with Nanak Sikh movement. The small community developed early without attracting attention. Emperor Akbar at the XVI th century protected by the political concern and personal taste. He tried to reconcile Hinduism and Islam. He created a noble brotherhood with ideal mixing Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Christianity. But it is easier to bring together states which merge cults. [...]

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