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Eradicate crimes committed by homeless individuals and the related gangs in the United States

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State of Texas
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criminal law
Texas A & M

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  1. Introduction
  2. The Target Population
  3. The Decision Authority
  4. Transitional of Permanent Housing Coupled with Supportive Services
  5. A Collaborative and Community-Wide Action Policy
  6. Conclusion

According to the recent research by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the number of homeless individuals across the country has grown to over 600,000; however, a worrying trend associated with the increase in homelessness is their involvement in crime (Saul, 2013). An absolute count of the homeless is challenging to arrive at, since some of the homeless people live in cars, abandoned buildings, caves, under bridges, on the banks of rivers, and on steam grates. The number of homeless individuals in the U.S. has rapidly increased over the past several years. In some localities, such as New York, as of April 2013, the number had hit a notch high of 50,000 people (Saul, 2013). According to Leavitt (2007), about 24 million jobs, that is, one fifth of all employment opportunities in the US, cannot sustain families of four members above the poverty line.

The involvement of homeless individuals in violent crimes and drug trafficking is becoming increasingly widespread in suburban areas and large cities, as well as, small towns in the US. Contemporary gangs, due to homelessness, have become a widespread threat to communities throughout the nation. Once considered largely an urban phenomenon, homeless individuals have increasingly emerged in smaller communities, presenting a challenge that adversely strains local resources.
This policy paper is intended to generate a greater awareness in the field of justice among courts, defenders, prosecutors, advocates, law enforcement, the homeless and social service providers about the resources available at the United States Department of Health and Human Services in terms of serving those who risk being homelessness, and the law enforcement agencies in the US in terms of dealing with homeless individuals involved in crime.

[...] The services coupled with this policy help individuals and families in the network of community based programs that can empower them to return to self-reliance. The supportive services granted by the Federal government through the Supportive Housing Policy are those considered as basic needs to assist people in self-sufficiency. A transitional housing is a form of the temporary accommodation, which usually does not exceed 24 months (Michelle, 2013). This provision is also coupled with the free access to food and other supportive services. [...]

[...] The logic is the communal commitment to end the chronic homelessness and related gangs at the lowest level of the society within a set time frame. This policy discourages the overreliance on the central government's strategies and programs towards a decent housing and elimination of local gangs. It is based on the essence of having respect and love for neighbors. The other element of this policy is community policing. Community policing is a highly effective approach of curbing gang related activities or crimes. [...]

[...] In the implementation of any policy of the homelessness prevention and gang emergence eradication, a consultation with the homeless assures an extensive investment in desired housing units. The participatory policy development and the choice of housing units by the homeless increases the probability of satisfaction and the willingness as well as the resolution to stay in the presented house. References Burt, M., Pearson, C., & Montgomery, A. (2007). Homelessness: Prevention, strategies and effectiveness. New York: Nova Science Publishers. Chamard, S. (2010). Homeless encampments. [...]

[...] Therefore, when this intervention is put in place, 80-85 per cent of homeless individuals and their linked gangs achieve a housing stability. Homeless individuals often form gangs that create problems local in nature. Whether rooted in neighborhoods or access to the economic opportunity or providing surrogate families, most street gangs are local. These gangs tend to be affiliated to reputed nationwide networks and take the advantage of local resources to carry out gang activities. America has become a society almost preoccupied with homeless individuals linked to violence and drugs. [...]

[...] (2013). New York City leads jump in homeless. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from: 10.html U. S. Department of Justice. (2012). Reducing homeless populations' invovlvement in the criminal justice system. U.S. Department of Justice. [...]

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