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London, the capital of the nineteenth century

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"London has many aspects. It's a great city. Huge. The richest city in the world's largest port, the largest industrial city, the imperial city, the center of civilization, the heart of the world It is a wonderful place a whirlwind, an abyss. It takes you up and you rushes down. "This observation by HG Wells in his novel Tono-Bungay is the idea that we could make London in the nineteenth century. This city sometimes called "British Rome" is then considered the capital of the nineteenth century.
Indeed, in less than 50 years, the British capital will be required at all levels and impose its supremacy in a wide range of areas. However, the term capital has so many feel it is necessary to exploit to understand the scope of this statement: political and diplomatic capital which sit powers defining the country's politics? Capital as being a big city it is a model by these changes? or capital because it has a strong international influence and acts as a showcase for England? So one wonders about the real role and position played by London in this century full of changes, to understand called the capital of the nineteenth century. In addition, the name of the capital is by no means ameliorative as illustrated by the heavy inequalities that time.

Historians consider the nineteenth century as extending from 1815 with the fall of Napoleon in 1914 with the beginning of the war. But the highlight of this period is embodied in Victorian times corresponding to the reign of Victoria (1837-1901), although some historians believe that it starts 1832. This pivotal time for the UK marks the peak of industrial revolution that touches deeply London.

[...] This city sometimes called "British Rome" is then considered the capital of the nineteenth century. Indeed, in less than 50 years, the British capital will be required at all levels and impose its supremacy in a wide range of areas. However, the term capital has so many feel it is necessary to exploit to understand the scope of this statement: political and diplomatic capital which sit powers defining the country's politics? Capital as being a big city it is a model by these changes? [...]


[...] These populations are attracted to industrial development and the development of port activities, craft, commercial. London acted as a "magnet" to the men especially in search of odd jobs and the possibility of shelters; then forming a huge human flow. The census estimate in 1851 that 38% of Londoners are migrants and among them, only 15% come from Ireland (inflow following the Great Famine) and abroad (political revolutions). This rural exodus is dominated by youth: migrant villages have arrived in London to 80% between 15 and 25 years. [...]


[...] The lack of early urban plan adds to the lack of size of the city. With no municipal authority, it will then extend itself, anarchic manner docks facing industrialization throughout the century which earned him the nicknames of wearing "sprawling city" or "Grand cyst, the monster called the city" - W.Cobbett. This laissez-faire turns out to have disastrous consequences and especially unequal. Indeed, on the one hand, some development works symbolize and reflect the modernity and grandeur of the city of London: Parliament (1836), Crystal Palace (1851), modern areas Pimlico and Belgravia. [...]

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