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Madison vs. Mill’s arguments

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  1. Introduction
  2. Similarities
  3. Theories of Madison and Mill On Mankind
  4. Differences
  5. Conclusion

Liberalists are concerned about how societies make decisions on issues that impact directly to the public. There are concerns about the people who make the decisions and how the public is involved in making the decisions. Tyranny of the majority is a term used to describe a situation where the majority in a democratic society uses their ability to oppress the minorities. The people who were concerned with the tyranny of numbers were worried that the issue is unavoidable in any democratic society. The majority are the representatives who are elected through voting by the minority to represent them in government. Electives in the majority may compromise the powers of the minorities. Democracy requires the balance of minority and majority rights and the protection of minority rights no matter how the minority group is alienated from the majority group. The Bill of Rights once drafted by James Madison protects individual liberties in the United States. Mill furthered on Madison's Bill of Rights to include the rightful exercising of power, in a way, that the majority do not harm the others (minority) in a civilized community. Mill's ?no harm principle? prevents the government from exercising tyranny of the majority that is viewed as political and suppresses minority voices and imposes regulations on thoughts and values. These two scholars were committed to achieving practical ends, justice for all American Citizens and improvement of the efficiency in public policy (Robson, 1968).

[...] It is a matter of interest for the majority to protect minority's rights because it is the protection of these rights that depend on whether they will be re-elected back to power. However, Madison worried about the effects of tyranny of numbers of the executive and the legislature and warned about the oppression of minority by the majority (Banning, 1995). Mill and Madison recognized checks and balances as a realistic feature of the human nature and believed in fairness, self-discipline and reason as the best aspects of people. However, the two recognized that people were susceptible to greed, intolerance and passion. [...]

[...] Many democracies have answered the issue of majority rule and minority rights in different ways through determining how they can compromise each other when applied differently and how they can affect public good. It is imperative to remember that the rights of the minority remain supreme for democracy to exist. Bibliography Banning, L. The sacred fire of liberty: James Madison and the founding of the federal republic. Ithaca: Cornell University press 1995. Madison James. Writings. New York: Library of America John Mill. The subjection of women. [...]

[...] London: Virago Robert Rowland. ISSA proceedings 2002- Madison, Mill and the public sphere: A classical liberal approach to public deliberation. The University of Kansas Retrieved from: Robson J. The improvement of mankind: The social and political thought of John Stuart Mill. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 1968. [...]

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