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The Sikh rites

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  1. Introduction
  2. Adi Granth
  3. Worship
  4. Conclusion

Sikhism dogma is centered on the reading of the Adi Grant ("First Book") which are compiled the teachings of Nanak and his successors. It was begun by Guru Arjan in 1604 and completed by Guru Govind Singh in 1705. This concludes the revelation. This is a compilation of about 15,575 divided into 3,884 hymns written mostly in Hindi or Punjabi, with the alphabet of Nanak (as Robert Quilloux). The standard edition is 1,400 pages. The book shows the mysticism of the Gurus, their devotion to God as a spiritual master.

The Adi Granth became the supreme authority and becomes the eleventh guru in 1708 becoming the Guru Granth Sahib. Book reading is the only Sikh ritual. It is placed on a cushion in the prayer room, venerated by the faithful who make offerings to him. When it is not used it is draped. It is open three times a day, a random page to avoid the divine lessons chooses. When it is read, a Sikh is in charge of protecting the impurities waving a fan. It must be transported only on the head. The introduction begins with the Mula Mantru followed by hymns sung. These hymns were classified according to their ragu (musical modes), their length, their nature and their author, beginning with Nanak. The book ends with Appendix beads Featured Rag. The Sikh bow facing the Guru Granth Sahib not as a Hindu in front of an idol but to show their respect and submission to the will of God.

[...] The sacred book models the conscience Sikhs. This is what embodies their lives and society, and thus makes a separate Sikh religion Initiation To become a Sikh 100% must be entered into the Khalsa community, no matter the religion of his parents. In the rite of initiation (pahul / Samskara) the young Sikh (around fourteen or sixteen) can enter the Khalsa community. The pahul is administered by five Sikh Amritdharis (the smallest unit of the Khalsa Panth) .They are supposed to be perfect obedience to Rehat and know by heart the Gurbanis (speech of the Gurus). [...]


[...] The book ends with Appendix beads Featured Rag. The Sikh bow facing the Guru Granth Sahib not as a Hindu in front of an idol but to show their respect and submission to the will of God. A Sikh does not bow to anyone or anything except God represented by his word in the Guru Granth Sahib. Clearly in Islam as the center of worship based on the reading of the holy book. Even if it does not approach the Qur'an. [...]


[...] A Sikh must help others. After praying at the temple, a free communal meal (Langar) is installed (prepared by turns women) .The langar is vegetarian because Sikhs and Hindus do not eat meat. If they have to eat, the animal must be slaughtered on the spot to prevent it from suffering. This innovation of langar breaks with the Indian tradition where there is little catering because of the fear of the caste mixture (between clean and unclean). The Langar Sikhs will promote charity and mutual help with the establishment of schools, hospitals . [...]

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