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Urban development of the city in the Classical period (fifth century av.JC.- fourth century BC) and the beginning of the Hellenistic period: Independence Delos (314 av.JC.- 167 BC .)

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  1. Introduction
  2. Urban development of the city in the Classical period
  3. Hellenistic period
  4. Independence Delos
  5. Conclusion

Following the Persian Wars in 478 BC, Athens creates a maritime league known as the Delian League attico-or the Delian League, which aims to bring together the Greek forces against a possible new attack of the Persians . This league gives Delos, the title of the headquarters of the Confederation, and it was then that the common treasure (booty collected during the first Persian war) was placed in the temple of Apollo. This way, Athens gets some authority over Delos, which translates administrative control over the sanctuary, more famous, becoming, absolute mistress of sacred Delos property.

However, the Athenian domination also takes a political and religious, in 426 BC, Athens decides a second "purification" of the island, and proclaims the prohibition of birth and death on the Delian ground. This decision proves more important since then, no further necropolis is built on the Delian ground, this is added a second element, namely that no original wall was built and thus Delos n has never responded to well-known type of Greek cities of "old town" with site acropolis and lower town. The prohibition to be born and to die on the floor Delian reinforces the sanctity of the island, therefore, the island is at the shelter wars, and residents do not consider it essential to defend the city, assured divine protection of Apollo. No wall is then built around the city, no defensive structure is set up to defend the territory, whether urban or rural. Thus, obtained Delos organization of space never seen elsewhere.

[...] BRUNEAU, "Contribution to the urban history of Delos," in BCH, Supplement 47 (2006), p.111-149. P. Bruneau, J. Ducat, Delos Guide (2005). A. CHAMPDOR, Delos, Apollo's Island (1960). J. Chamonard, Archaeological Exploration of Delos: The neighborhood of Theatre, home of the Delian study in the Hellenistic period, Issue VIII. H. [...]


[...] For example, the street theater has a slope and 10% up in comparison, the standard is not exceeded in our planning regulations today is 7%. The floor of the street meanwhile, was paved with large slabs of gneiss which can sometimes make the entire width of the street, and irregular. However in most cases the floor street was mostly kept in a natural state in clay where runoff waters were not likely to change in a huge muddy tired, it was mostly the gently sloping streets. [...]


[...] Urban development of the city in the Classical period (fifth century av.JC.- fourth century BC) and the beginning of the Hellenistic period: Independence Delos (314 av.JC.- 167 BC The amphictyony attico-Delian: Delos Classic Following the Persian Wars in 478 BC, Athens creates a maritime league known as the Delian League attico-or the Delian League, which aims to bring together the Greek forces against a possible new attack of the Persians . This league gives Delos, the title of the headquarters of the Confederation, and it was then that the common treasure (booty collected during the first Persian war) was placed in the temple of Apollo. [...]


[...] The theater was built in the first half of the third century BC, on the site of a break in slope favorable to the backing of tiers. Thus, the theater district grows in the north, east, west and even by building an island on embankments. It gradually grows throughout the third century BC The space between the sea and the new building is subdivides gradually built without proper regular plan, submitted to the topography of the hill and resting on the axis of the street theater. [...]

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