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Boot Camps - Not the best alternative

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  1. Introduction and background.
    1. The widely-touted aim for the boot camps.
    2. Logistical factors about the boot camps.
    3. The typical day.
    4. The public's image of boot camps.
  2. Examining the effectiveness of boot camps.
    1. MacKenzie's article entitled 'The Parole Performance of Offenders Released from Shock Incarceration'.
    2. Study conducted by Styve, MacKenzie, Gover and Mitchell, titled 'Perceived Conditions of Confinements'.
    3. Study by MacKenzie, Wilson, and Kider in 'Effects of Correctional Boot Camps on Offending'.
    4. Comparing the studies.
    5. A noteworthy aspect of boot camps.
  3. The purpose of a boot camp.
    1. The biggest discrepancies shown by the studies is the categorization for recidivism.
    2. Attempt of the boot camps to prevent antisocial elements form interacting with each other.
  4. Conclusion.

Boot camps, also known as shock incarceration treatments, became increasingly popular in the United States as a reaction to the rising juvenile crime rates in the past two decades. The general public made the juvenile justice system its scapegoat and critiqued it for being too lenient on the youth. As a result, the ?get-tough? reform was introduced into the juvenile courts, and alternative methods of incarceration and rehabilitation were explored in order to meet the needs of the youth. Subsequently, the idea of boot camps rapidly increased in popularity. The widely-touted aim for the boot camps was to be able to provide a harshly disciplinarian environment in exchange for a shorter incarceration period. The short intense duration of these programs is designed to ?jolt? young first-time offenders out of criminal behavior.

[...] The results concluded that attending boot camps did not make an impact on lowering the rate of recidivism as compared to the juveniles who were under intense parole supervision (Styve, et al 215). Another study conducted by Styve, MacKenzie, Gover and Mitchell, titled Perceived Conditions of Confinements, had similar effects. Instead of comparing boot camp inmates to paroled inmates however, they compared them to teenagers who went through the more traditional process of jail time. ?State pairs? were created in which each boot camp was compared with the prison that would have housed the juveniles if the boot camp had not been in operation. [...]

[...] In this way, if similar studies were conducted where recidivism rates are the benchmark for the success of correctional facilities, shock incarceration should have a higher success rate (Styve, et al 214-15) A noteworthy aspect of boot camps that deserves mention is the probable violation of the Eighth Amendment in certain facilities. As previously stated, the public would only support shorter sentences if they are harsher and more focused on correction. However, many boot camps have been cited as using cruel and unusual punishments as part of their correctional procedures. [...]

[...] In application, the respect for authority they learned in the boot camps would not only be directed to their leaders and people who could afflict physical pain and punishment on them, but also for their teachers and parents back in society. Smoothing out this transition could lead to the attainment of the ultimate goal the incorporation of rehabilitated juvenile delinquents into society to become moral upright leaders of their community. Bibliography: MacKenzie, D.L The parole performance of offenders released from shock incarceration (boot camp prisons): A survival time analysis. [...]

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