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How music can affect academic achievement

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  1. Introduction.
  2. The four developmental stages according to Piaget.
  3. B F Skinner's theory of Operant Conditioning.
  4. Edward Thorndike's expansion of Skinner's S-R framework.
  5. Edward De Bono's theory of lateral thinking.
  6. The computer game Spatial-Temporal Animation Reasoning (STAR).
  7. Conclusion.
  8. Bibliography.

The Cognitive theory is concerned with the development of one's thought processes or basically how the mind acquires knowledge. There are many ideas that make up the cognitive theories?from the developmental theories of Piaget to relatively more recent theories like Gardner's Multiple Intelligences Theory.
Jean Piaget's Genetic Epistemology theory has profoundly affected our knowledge of child development. With his background on Biology and Philosophy, he came up with his theoretical framework consisting of stages of cognitive development. The main assumption of Piaget's theory is that there are cognitive structures called schemas which are ?patterns of physical or mental action that underlie specific acts of intelligence and correspond to stages of child development (Genetic Epistemology: J. Piaget, 2008).?

[...] Recent reports show that there seems to be a relationship between music and academic achievement. Schools in Netherlands, Hungary, and Japan have integrated music into their curricula as early as 1960s. All schools have outstanding academic achievements, especially in math and science (Dickinson, 1993). Other reports include American schools following suit and investing on music and arts program resulting in improved academic performances and that the foremost technical designers and engineers in Silicon Valley are musically inclined (Dickinson, 1993). A group of researchers from the University of California, Irvine (UCI) published a study stating that there is a connection between music affects cognitive development. [...]


[...] Retrieved April from Explorations in Learning & Instruction: The Theory into Practice Database: http://tip.psychology.org/gagne.html Dickinson, D. (1993). Music and the Mind. New Horizons for Learning. Experiential Learning: C. Rogers. (2008). Retrieved April from Explorations in Learning & Instruction: The Theory into Practice Database: http://tip.psychology.org/rogers.html Genetic Epistemology: J. Piaget. (2008). Retrieved April from Explorations in Learning & Instruction: The Theory into Practice Database: http://tip.psychology.org/piaget.html Gestalt Theory: Wertheimer. (2008). Retrieved April from Explorations in Learning & Instruction: The Theory into Practice [...]

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