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Learning theories for students with learning disabilities

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Learning difficulties.
  3. Types of learning disabilities.
  4. Learning theories applicable to students with learning disabilities.
    1. The constructivist approach.
    2. The classical condition approach: The instructivist or direct instruction.
  5. Conclusion.

Learning is the process of acquiring, gaining, and retaining knowledge which may be applied to situations in real life. Learning is not a passive process wherein students can take in information and then remember this information throughout the student's life rather learning involves a complex process of interaction between the learner and the material being learned and for the student to be ale to recall and apply new information. Most students, at an early age, already know and have been taught how to process information and to develop their own plan or strategy in solving different problems. However, not all students are capable of this processing ability and may find it difficult to process cognitive ideas. The students that find it difficult to process cognitive ideas are often diagnosed to have learning difficulties. Students with these learning difficulties often find learning and processing of new information a difficult and painful process. The learning difficulties that these students have make it challenging for them to learn how to read, write and do math. These students with learning difficulties however can still be taught effectively through the use of different learning theories and strategies that would help these students approach learning tasks more effectively. This paper aims to give an overview of the different types of learning difficulties that students are faced with today. This paper will also aim to enumerate the different learning theories and approaches that are being used in teaching students with learning difficulties.

[...] Strategies for teaching students with learning and behavior problems (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Caroline Summer. (08/30/1999). Teaching Students with Disabilities. http://dsp.berkeleyedu/TeachStudentsWithDisab.html Ellen Jaffe-Gill and Tina de Benedictis. (May 21 2007). Learning Disabilities: Understanding the types, causes, symptoms, and diagnosis. Ennis William Cosby. (1998). Teaching from the heart. Follette Story, M., Mueller, J.L., & Mace, R.L. (1998). The universal design file: Designing for people of all ages and abilities. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University, The Center for Universal Design. [...]

[...] Learning Theories Applicable to Students with Learning Disabilities When a student has been diagnosed as having a learning difficulty, it is important to find out what the exact nature of that difficulty is. Specific questions, such as whether the student can retain information or not, must be asked first, as well as, whether the student requires a longer time in processing information or not in order to know the exact nature of the disability. There are several reasons why a student can have difficulty in coping up with academic tasks in the school environment. [...]

[...] Individuals or students with learning disabilities however have a gap between their intelligence level and what they can achieve because the glitches in their brain's wiring acts as obstacles that prevent them from the proper processing and reproducing of information. This gap causes individuals with learning disabilities to learn and work below their intellectual capabilities. Learning disabilities are always chronic and are often developmental disabilities that limit the success of individuals in one or more major areas in life. Learning disabilities are not reversible through medication and would often make individuals appear to have low intelligence. [...]

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