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Second Language Acquisition

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  1. An individual may pursue a study on acquiring a second language skill for various reasons and motivation.
  2. Following a learner's utilitarian purpose, the clear benefit of acquiring English as second language is to have a competitive edge in the labor market
  3. Brown (1994) made a very useful definition of each term. A method is defined as ?a generalized set of classroom specifications for accomplishing linguistic objectives.
  4. Affective principle would illustrate a person's self-esteem or self-image effects in overall progress and speed in second language acquisition.
  5. Most educators who use this method argue that it is the most effective way to prepare students in building communicative competencies by starting with reading and grammar as key skills.
  6. The community language learning encourages students to take responsibility for their own learning.
  7. The Method of Teaching Grammar on the Basis of Second language Acquisition
  8. Drawbacks in the Grammar Translation Method
  9. Benefits of the Grammar Translation Method
  10. Grammar translation method in the light of current second language acquisition

Second Language Acquisition (SLA) is learning development in which people acquire a new or more commonly known as ?second language? in addition to their native tongue. The second language is often referred as ?target language? or ?L2?. Moreover, a second language denotes any new language learned after early childhood years. This means subsequently languages learned ? i.e. third or fourth language is still referred to as second language (online, Wikipedia, 2006).Stephen Krashen (1981) differentiated "language acquisition" from formal and non-constructive ?language learning". At present, most experts more commonly interchange the two terms, i.e. ?language acquisition? and ?language learning?. Nevertheless, most experts recognize SLA as the more well-known term (online, Wikipedia, 2006).
A number of personal and environmental factors may affect the decision to learn a second language. Examples of such factors include family influences, social groups or peers, teachers, school, age, and self-concept.
An individual may pursue a study on acquiring a second language skill for various reasons and motivation. In a study of UK and European students, Coleman (1996) reports that the several reasons a student pursues a study a foreign language. These reasons are the following: 1) to be able to develop a career advantage for opportunities in the future; 2) a student's personal inclination to learn the language; 3) to be able to learn and appreciate to cultural differences; 4) for an enhanced comprehension of the culture where the language is used; 5) and to be able to reside in nations where the language is used.

[...] However, this method suggest that the best and most effective way to learn the target language is for students to ?overlearn? the target language through extensive repetition and a variety of elaborate drills. The method presents that the idea is to instill in the linguistic patterns in the minds of the students in a way that elicits an automatic response in other words, developing a ?habit-forming? response. Nonetheless, the challenge of the audiolingual method is that language of the native language would constantly interfere. [...]


[...] Grammar translation method in the light of current second language acquisition Even though the study of structure of language can have a instructional advantage for educational institution, Krashen (1981) still maintains that these approaches do not directly translate to language acquisition. According to Krashen (1981), the only instance in which the teaching of grammar can result in language acquisition (and proficiency) is when students are motivated to learn the subject and the target language is used as a medium of instructions. [...]


[...] The learner's practical rationale for acquiring a second language is referred to as instrumental motivation. On the other hand, a person may pursue the study of English language in order to successfully integrate within the community where one is currently living. The learner's purpose can be referred to as integrative motivation. Following a learner's utilitarian purpose, the clear benefit of acquiring English as second language is to have a competitive edge in the labor market. Such skills are very valuable as businesses are increasingly becoming global. [...]

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