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The prevalence of eating disorders among Asian American women

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  1. Eating disorder.
    1. Anorexia Nervosa.
    2. Bulimia Nervosa.
    3. Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified.
  2. Treatment.
  3. History.
  4. Theory.
  5. Anticipated study.
  6. Method.
  7. Anticipated results and further implications.

The prevalence of eating disorders among ethnically diverse populations has become increasingly evident over recent years. The existence of eating disorders across the socio-economic and global sphere has raised interest in the socio-cultural factors which influence diverse groups. However, there remains little research in the psychology field which explores these issues in relation to the development of eating disorders among Asian Americans. The fourth edition of The Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) has characterized eating disorders into three separate categories; Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. The criteria for Anorexia Nervosa can be divided into four categories. The first category is the refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height. The second category is the intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though overweight. The third category is a disturbance in the way in which one's body weight or shape is experienced, undue influence of body weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the current low body weight. The final category is in postmenarcheal females

[...] Ethnocultural identity and eating disorders in women of color. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 341-347. Altabe, M. (1998). Ethnicity and body image: Quantitative and qualitative analysis. International Journal of Eating Disorders 153-159. Stice, E., Ziemba, C., Margolis, J. & Flick, P. (1996). The dual-pathway model differentiates bulimics, subclinical bulimics, and controls: Testing the continuity hypothesis. Behavior Therapy 531-549. Heinberg, L. J., Thompson, J. K. & Stormer, S. (1995). Development and validation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Toward Appearance Questionnaire. International Journal of Eating Disorders 81-89. [...]

[...] History Prior to reviewing recent literature and studies on the prevalence of eating disorders among Asian American women, it is essential to present a succinct background and history of the disorder. Until recently, eating disorders were believed to exist as an illness which solely affected young, Caucasian, women of high socio-economic status (Bruch, 1973; Crago, Shisslak, & Estes, 1996; Pike & Walsh, 1996; Root, 1990). Eating disorders can be traced back as far as to the nineteenth century in American society. [...]

[...] Due to the lack of studies on the prevalence of eating disorders in relation to Asian American women, the following is a review of several recent studies which have aimed to address and explore the issue. A core feature of these approaches is the use of self-assessment as well as the reliance upon previously developed questionnaires for the obtainment of research data. As many of these studies are the first of their kind to explore these questions of eating disorders in relation to Asian American women, their findings are not necessarily undetectable but offer results from which other studies can draw, opening the doorway for future exploration. [...]

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