Brazil: An overview
- Its development over the years
- It economic policy
The Federal Republic of Brazil is the most populous country in Latin America and the fifth largest country in the world with its surface area. Its area is 8.5 million square kilometers, or about 15 times that of France. It is located in between central and northern South America and represents not less than 37% thereof. The maximum distance from east to west is 4,336km, and 4,320km from Guyana to Uruguay (North-South). The country is bordered in the east by the Atlantic Ocean with about 7,367km of coastline. The maximum elevation is the Pico da Neblina (Amazonas) located at 3,014 meters. From north to south west, its territory is occupied by the Amazon, the world's largest forest, in the middle of which flows the Amazon, the mightiest river in the world. Brazil has abundant natural resources: gold, bauxite, manganese, iron, nickel, phosphates, timber, hydropower, petroleum (1.6 million barrels/day).
? Capital: Brasilia
? Language: Portuguese
? Currency: Real
? Area: 8,511,965 sq km
? Land boundaries: 14,691 km
- Bolivia: 3400 Km
- Venezuela: 2200 Km
- Colombia: 1643 Km
- Peru: 1560 Km
- Paraguay: 1290 Km
- Argentina: 1224 Km
- Guyana: 1119 Km
- Uruguay: 985 Km
- French Guiana: 673 Km
- Suriname: 597 Km
? Coastline: 7491 Km
? Elevation extremes: 0 m> 3014 m
The climate is tropical for the majority of the country, that is to say, hot and humid. By being in the southern hemisphere (90% territory lying between the Equator and the Tropic of Capricorn), the seasons are reversed from the northern hemisphere (winter in June/July/August). In winter, temperatures can drop below 10 C and they frequently rise to over 40 C in summer.
? Federal States
Brazil has 26 states and a federal district, including its capital Brasilia. It should be noted that only two countries in South America have no border with Brazil, Chile and Ecuador.
? General characteristics of Brazil
Population - 184 550 471 inhabitants
Density - 21.7 inhab. / Km ²
0-14 years: 28.57%; 15-64 years: 65.98%; over 65 years: 5.45%
Ethnicity: White - 53%, mulatto - 38%, black - 6%, Asian - 1%, Métis - 1%, Indians - 1%
Distribution by religion:
Catholic - 80%, Protestant - 7%, others - 13%
Life expectancy for women: 73 years
Life expectancy for men: 65 years
Rate of population growth: 1.3%
Birth rate: 22%
Mortality rate: 7 %
Infant mortality rate: 27 %
Fertility rates:2.18 children born / woman
? Origins of the population
Because of colonization, the majority of the population is of Portuguese origin but there is significant diaspora in the country:
- The Brazilian population consists of about 7 million people of Lebanese origin and located in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
- Nearly 25 million Brazilians are of Italian origin
- Sao Paulo concentrates the largest Japanese community with nearly one million people.
- Populations of Germanic origin are present in the south.
Tags: Pico da Neblina, Federal Republic of Brazil, diaspora