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Negative emotions, dropping out of high school and drug use

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  1. Introduction.
  2. General Strain theory.
    1. Propensity to abuse drugs.
    2. Tthree different types of stressors that generate negative emotions.
    3. Drug abuse is a natural consequence of dropping out of high school.
  3. Effects of being excluded of the social structure.
    1. Emotion is a crucial factor.
    2. Experiencing social exclusion as a result of dropping out of high school.
  4. Self-conscious emotions.
    1. Shame and guilt.
  5. Conclusion.
  6. Bibliography.

Sociologists study the dynamics of the self, interaction, social structure, and culture. Questions such as the following are raised: What self-processes emerge over time, and within and across what situations? What occurs when individuals take account of each other? How do people build, sustain, or train social structures? What kinds of symbol systems do humans develop and how do they use them to regulate their conduct? These questions are at the core of the study of sociology. Thus when sociologists turned to the study of emotions, they were interested in how emotions influenced the self, how the flow of interaction was shaped by emotions, how people developed emotional attachments and commitments to social structures and cultural symbols, how emotions sustained or changed social structures and cultural symbols, and how social structures and cultural symbols constrained the experience and expression of emotions.

[...] When one drops out of high school, they are having that positive influence removed from them, and this can create negative emotions, such as guilt and shame, which can lead to behaviour like abusing drugs. (Drapela, 2006). When one experiences negative emotions from dropping out of high school, they are likely to act in a deviant manner. The effects of this strain can be collective, the succession of many continually occurring negative events, or can even be the product of isolated events. [...]

[...] These emotions provide for a way to punish or reward one's self for their behaviour. As such, when a young student drops out of high school, they are likely to experience the self-conscious emotions of shame, guilt, and embarrassment for their action. These emotions can then act to affect the moral actions taken by the self. This can include the immoral action of drug abuse. (Tangney, 2007). Shame and guilt are two of the most prominent negative, self-conscious emotions that are experienced by someone who drops out of high school. [...]

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